Good News Translation (GNB)
20

The Question about Jesus' Authority

(Mt 21.23–27; Mk 11.27–33)

201One day when Jesus was in the Temple teaching the people and preaching the Good News, the chief priests and the teachers of the Law, together with the elders, came 2and said to him, “Tell us, what right have you to do these things? Who gave you this right?”

3Jesus answered them, “Now let me ask you a question. Tell me, 4did John's right to baptize come from God or from human beings?”

5They started to argue among themselves, “What shall we say? If we say, ‘From God,’ he will say, ‘Why, then, did you not believe John?’ 6But if we say ‘From human beings,’ this whole crowd here will stone us, because they are convinced that John was a prophet.” 7So they answered, “We don't know where it came from.”

8And Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you, then, by what right I do these things.”

The Parable of the Tenants in the Vineyard

(Mt 21.33–46; Mk 12.1–12)

9

20.9:
Is 5.1
Then Jesus told the people this parable: “There was once a man who planted a vineyard, let it out to tenants, and then left home for a long time. 10When the time came to gather the grapes, he sent a slave to the tenants to receive from them his share of the harvest. But the tenants beat the slave and sent him back without a thing. 11So he sent another slave; but the tenants beat him also, treated him shamefully, and sent him back without a thing. 12Then he sent a third slave; the tenants wounded him, too, and threw him out. 13Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my own dear son; surely they will respect him!’ 14But when the tenants saw him, they said to one another, ‘This is the owner's son. Let's kill him, and his property will be ours!’ 15So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.

“What, then, will the owner of the vineyard do to the tenants?” Jesus asked. 16“He will come and kill those men, and hand the vineyard over to other tenants.”

When the people heard this, they said, “Surely not!”

17

20.17:
Ps 118.22
Jesus looked at them and asked, “What, then, does this scripture mean?

‘The stone which the builders rejected as worthless

turned out to be the most important of all.’

18Everyone who falls on that stone will be cut to pieces; and if that stone falls on someone, it will crush him to dust.”

The Question about Paying Taxes

(Mt 22.15–22; Mk 12.13–17)

19The teachers of the Law and the chief priests tried to arrest Jesus on the spot, because they knew that he had told this parable against them; but they were afraid of the people. 20So they looked for an opportunity. They bribed some men to pretend they were sincere, and they sent them to trap Jesus with questions, so that they could hand him over to the authority and power of the Roman Governor. 21These spies said to Jesus, “Teacher, we know that what you say and teach is right. We know that you pay no attention to anyone's status, but teach the truth about God's will for people. 22Tell us, is it against our Law for us to pay taxes to the Roman Emperor, or not?”

23But Jesus saw through their trick and said to them, 24“Show me a silver coin. Whose face and name are these on it?”

“The Emperor's,” they answered.

25So Jesus said, “Well, then, pay the Emperor what belongs to the Emperor, and pay God what belongs to God.”

26There before the people they could not catch him out in anything, so they kept quiet, amazed at his answer.

The Question about Rising from Death

(Mt 22.23–33; Mk 12.18–27)

27

20.27:
Acts 23.8
Then some Sadducees, who say that people will not rise from death, came to Jesus and said, 28
20.28:
Deut 25.5
“Teacher, Moses wrote this law for us: ‘If a man dies and leaves a wife but no children, that man's brother must marry the widow so that they can have children who will be considered the dead man's children.’ 29Once there were seven brothers; the eldest got married and died without having children. 30Then the second one married the woman, 31and then the third. The same thing happened to all seven — they died without having children. 32Last of all, the woman died. 33Now, on the day when the dead rise to life, whose wife will she be? All seven of them had married her.”

34Jesus answered them, “The men and women of this age marry, 35but the men and women who are worthy to rise from death and live in the age to come will not then marry. 36They will be like angels and cannot die. They are the children of God, because they have risen from death. 37

20.37:
Ex 3.6
And Moses clearly proves that the dead are raised to life. In the passage about the burning bush he speaks of the Lord as ‘the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ 38He is the God of the living, not of the dead, for to him all are alive.”

39Some of the teachers of the Law spoke up, “A good answer, Teacher!” 40For they did not dare ask him any more questions.

The Question about the Messiah

(Mt 22.41–46; Mk 12.35–37)

41Jesus asked them, “How can it be said that the Messiah will be the descendant of David? 42

20.42–43:
Ps 110.1
For David himself says in the book of Psalms,

‘The Lord said to my Lord:

Sit here on my right

43until I put your enemies as a footstool under your feet.’

44David called him ‘Lord’; how, then, can the Messiah be David's descendant?”

Jesus Warns against the Teachers of the Law

(Mt 23.1–36; Mk 12.38–40)

45As all the people listened to him, Jesus said to his disciples, 46“Be on your guard against the teachers of the Law, who like to walk about in their long robes and love to be greeted with respect in the market place; who choose the reserved seats in the synagogues and the best places at feasts; 47who take advantage of widows and rob them of their homes, and then make a show of saying long prayers! Their punishment will be all the worse!”

21

The Widow's Offering

(Mk 12.41–44)

211Jesus looked round and saw rich people dropping their gifts in the temple treasury, 2and he also saw a very poor widow dropping in two little copper coins. 3He said, “I tell you that this poor widow put in more than all the others. 4For the others offered their gifts from what they had to spare of their riches; but she, poor as she is, gave all she had to live on.”

Jesus Speaks of the Destruction of the Temple

(Mt 24.1–2; Mk 13.1–2)

5Some of the disciples were talking about the Temple, how beautiful it looked with its fine stones and the gifts offered to God. Jesus said, 6“All this you see — the time will come when not a single stone here will be left in its place; every one will be thrown down.”

Troubles and Persecutions

(Mt 24.3–14; Mk 13.3–13)

7“Teacher,” they asked, “when will this be? And what will happen in order to show that the time has come for it to take place?”

8Jesus said, “Be on guard; don't be deceived. Many men, claiming to speak for me, will come and say, ‘I am he!’ and, ‘The time has come!’ But don't follow them. 9Don't be afraid when you hear of wars and revolutions; such things must happen first, but they do not mean that the end is near.”

10He went on to say, “Countries will fight each other; kingdoms will attack one another. 11There will be terrible earthquakes, famines, and plagues everywhere; there will be strange and terrifying things coming from the sky. 12Before all these things take place, however, you will be arrested and persecuted; you will be handed over to be tried in synagogues and be put in prison; you will be brought before kings and rulers for my sake. 13This will be your chance to tell the Good News. 14

21.14–15:
Lk 12.11–12
Make up your minds beforehand not to worry about how you will defend yourselves, 15because I will give you such words and wisdom that none of your enemies will be able to refute or contradict what you say. 16You will be handed over by your parents, your brothers, your relatives, and your friends; and some of you will be put to death. 17Everyone will hate you because of me. 18But not a single hair from your heads will be lost. 19Stand firm, and you will save yourselves.

Jesus Speaks of the Destruction of Jerusalem

(Mt 24.15–21; Mk 13.14–19)

20“When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then you will know that it will soon be destroyed. 21Then those who are in Judea must run away to the hills; those who are in the city must leave, and those who are out in the country must not go into the city. 22

21.22:
Hos 9.7
For those will be ‘The Days of Punishment’, to make all that the Scriptures say come true. 23How terrible it will be in those days for women who are pregnant and for mothers with little babies! Terrible distress will come upon this land, and God's punishment will fall on this people. 24Some will be killed by the sword, and others will be taken as prisoners to all countries; and the heathen will trample over Jerusalem until their time is up.

The Coming of the Son of Man

(Mt 24.29–31; Mk 13.24–27)

25

21.25:
Is 13.10
Ezek 32.7
Joel 2.31
Rev 6.12–13
“There will be strange things happening to the sun, the moon, and the stars. On earth whole countries will be in despair, afraid of the roar of the sea and the raging tides. 26People will faint from fear as they wait for what is coming over the whole earth, for the powers in space will be driven from their courses. 27
21.27:
Dan 7.13
Rev 1.7
Then the Son of Man will appear, coming in a cloud with great power and glory. 28When these things begin to happen, stand up and raise your heads, because your salvation is near.”

The Lesson of the Fig Tree

(Mt 24.32–35; Mk 13.28–31)

29Then Jesus told them this parable: “Think of the fig tree and all the other trees. 30When you see their leaves beginning to appear, you know that summer is near. 31In the same way, when you see these things happening, you will know that the Kingdom of God is about to come.

32“Remember that all these things will take place before the people now living have all died. 33Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.

The Need to Watch

34“Be on your guard! Don't let yourselves become occupied with too much feasting and drinking and with the worries of this life, or that Day may suddenly catch you 35like a trap. For it will come upon all people everywhere on earth. 36Be on the alert and pray always that you will have the strength to go safely through all those things that will happen and to stand before the Son of Man.”

37

21.37:
Lk 19.47
Jesus spent those days teaching in the Temple, and when evening came, he would go out and spend the night on the Mount of Olives. 38Early each morning all the people went to the Temple to listen to him.

22

The Plot against Jesus

(Mt 26.1–5; Mk 14.1–2; Jn 11.45–53)

221

22.1:
Ex 12.1–27
The time was near for the Festival of Unleavened Bread, which is called the Passover. 2The chief priests and the teachers of the Law were afraid of the people, and so they were trying to find a way of putting Jesus to death secretly.

Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus

(Mt 26.14–16; Mk 14.10–11)

3Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, who was one of the twelve disciples. 4So Judas went off and spoke with the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard about how he could betray Jesus to them. 5They were pleased and offered to pay him money. 6Judas agreed to it and started looking for a good chance to hand Jesus over to them without the people knowing about it.

Jesus Prepares to Eat the Passover Meal

(Mt 26.17–25; Mk 14.12–21; Jn 13.21–30)

7The day came during the Festival of Unleavened Bread when the lambs for the Passover meal were to be killed. 8Jesus sent off Peter and John with these instructions: “Go and get the Passover meal ready for us to eat.”

9“Where do you want us to get it ready?” they asked him.

10He answered, “As you go into the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him into the house that he enters, 11and say to the owner of the house: ‘The Teacher says to you, Where is the room where my disciples and I will eat the Passover meal?’ 12He will show you a large furnished room upstairs, where you will get everything ready.”

13They went off and found everything just as Jesus had told them, and they prepared the Passover meal.

The Lord's Supper

(Mt 26.26–30; Mk 14.22–26; 1 Cor 11.23–25)

14When the hour came, Jesus took his place at the table with the apostles. 15He said to them, “I have wanted so much to eat this Passover meal with you before I suffer! 16For I tell you, I will never eat it until it is given its full meaning in the Kingdom of God.”

17Then Jesus took a cup, gave thanks to God, and said, “Take this and share it among yourselves. 18I tell you that from now on I will not drink this wine until the Kingdom of God comes.”

19Then he took a piece of bread, gave thanks to God, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in memory of me.” 20

22.20:
Jer 31.31–34
In the same way, he gave them the cup after the supper, saying, “This cup is God's new covenant sealed with my blood, which is poured out for you.22.20 Some manuscripts do not have the words of Jesus after This is my body in verse 19, and all of verse 20.

21

22.21:
Ps 41.9
“But, look! The one who betrays me is here at the table with me! 22The Son of Man will die as God has decided, but how terrible for that man who betrays him!”

23Then they began to ask among themselves which one of them it could be who was going to do this.

The Argument about Greatness

24

22.24:
Mt 18.1
Mk 9.34
Lk 9.46
An argument broke out among the disciples as to which one of them should be thought of as the greatest. 25
22.25–26:
Mt 20.25–27
Mk 10.42–44
Jesus said to them, “The kings of the pagans have power over their people, and the rulers claim the title ‘Friends of the People’. 26
22.26:
Mt 23.11
Mk 9.35
But this is not the way it is with you; rather, the greatest one among you must be like the youngest, and the leader must be like the servant. 27
22.27:
Jn 13.12–15
Who is greater, the one who sits down to eat or the one who serves? The one who sits down, of course. But I am among you as one who serves.

28“You have stayed with me all through my trials; 29and just as my Father has given me the right to rule, so I will give you the same right. 30

22.30:
Mt 19.28
You will eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom, and you will sit on thrones to rule over the twelve tribes of Israel.

Jesus Predicts Peter's Denial

(Mt 26.31–35; Mk 14.27–31; Jn 13.36–38)

31“Simon, Simon! Listen! Satan has received permission to test all of you, to separate the good from the bad, as a farmer separates the wheat from the chaff. 32But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith will not fail. And when you turn back to me, you must strengthen your brothers.”

33Peter answered, “Lord, I am ready to go to prison with you and to die with you!”

34“I tell you, Peter,” Jesus said, “the cock will not crow tonight until you have said three times that you do not know me.”

Purse, Bag, and Sword

35

22.35:
Mt 10.9–10
Mk 6.8–9
Lk 9.3
10.4
Then Jesus asked his disciples, “When I sent you out that time without purse, bag, or shoes, did you lack anything?”

“Not a thing,” they answered.

36“But now,” Jesus said, “whoever has a purse or a bag must take it; and whoever has no sword must sell his coat and buy one. 37

22.37:
Is 53.12
For I tell you that the scripture which says, ‘He shared the fate of criminals,’ must come true about me, because what was written about me is coming true.”

38The disciples said, “Look! Here are two swords, Lord!”

“That is enough!”22.38 That is enough; or Enough of this. he replied.

Jesus Prays on the Mount of Olives

(Mt 26.36–46; Mk 14.32–42)

39Jesus left the city and went, as he usually did, to the Mount of Olives; and the disciples went with him. 40When he arrived at the place, he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.”

41Then he went off from them about the distance of a stone's throw and knelt down and prayed. 42“Father,” he said, “if you will, take this cup of suffering away from me. Not my will, however, but your will be done.” 43An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. 44In great anguish he prayed even more fervently; his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.22.44 Some manuscripts do not have verses 43–44.

45Rising from his prayer, he went back to the disciples and found them asleep, worn out by their grief. 46He said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you will not fall into temptation.”

The Arrest of Jesus

(Mt 26.47–56; Mk 14.43–50; Jn 18.3–11)

47Jesus was still speaking when a crowd arrived, led by Judas, one of the twelve disciples. He came up to Jesus to kiss him. 48But Jesus said, “Judas, is it with a kiss that you betray the Son of Man?”

49When the disciples who were with Jesus saw what was going to happen, they asked, “Shall we use our swords, Lord?” 50And one of them struck the High Priest's slave and cut off his right ear.

51But Jesus said, “Enough of this!” He touched the man's ear and healed him.

52Then Jesus said to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and the elders who had come there to get him, “Did you have to come with swords and clubs, as though I were an outlaw? 53

22.53:
Lk 19.47
21.37
I was with you in the Temple every day, and you did not try to arrest me. But this is your hour to act, when the power of darkness rules.”

Peter Denies Jesus

(Mt 26.57–58, 69–75; Mk 14.53–54, 66–72; Jn 18.12–18, 25–27)

54They arrested Jesus and took him away into the house of the High Priest; and Peter followed at a distance. 55A fire had been lit in the centre of the courtyard, and Peter joined those who were sitting round it. 56When one of the servant women saw him sitting there at the fire, she looked straight at him and said, “This man too was with Jesus!”

57But Peter denied it, “Woman, I don't even know him!”

58After a little while a man noticed Peter and said, “You are one of them, too!”

But Peter answered, “Man, I am not!”

59And about an hour later another man insisted strongly, “There isn't any doubt that this man was with Jesus, because he also is a Galilean!”

60But Peter answered, “Man, I don't know what you are talking about!”

At once, while he was still speaking, a cock crowed. 61The Lord turned round and looked straight at Peter, and Peter remembered that the Lord had said to him, “Before the cock crows tonight, you will say three times that you do not know me.” 62Peter went out and wept bitterly.

Jesus is Mocked and Beaten

(Mt 26.67–68; Mk 14.65)

63The men who were guarding Jesus mocked him and beat him. 64They blindfolded him and asked him, “Who hit you? Guess!” 65And they said many other insulting things to him.

Jesus is Brought before the Council

(Mt 26.59–66; Mk 14.55–64; Jn 18.19–24)

66When day came, the elders, the chief priests, and the teachers of the Law met together, and Jesus was brought before the Council. 67“Tell us,” they said, “are you the Messiah?”

He answered, “If I tell you, you will not believe me; 68and if I ask you a question, you will not answer. 69But from now on the Son of Man will be seated on the right of Almighty God.”

70They all said, “Are you, then, the Son of God?”

He answered them, “You say that I am.”

71And they said, “We don't need any witnesses! We ourselves have heard what he said!”