Good News Translation (GNB)
19

Laws of Holiness and Justice

191The LORD told Moses 2

19.2:
Lev 11.44–45
1 Pet 1.16
to say to the community of Israel, “Be holy, because I, the LORD your God, am holy. 3
19.3:
Ex 20.8,12
Deut 5.12,16
Each of you must respect his mother and his father, and must keep the Sabbath, as I have commanded. I am the LORD your God.

4

19.4:
Lev 26.1
Ex 20.23
34.17
Deut 27.15
“Do not abandon me and worship idols; do not make gods of metal and worship them. I am the LORD your God.

5“When you kill an animal for a fellowship offering, keep the regulations that I have given you, and I will accept the offering. 6The meat must be eaten on the day the animal is killed or on the next day. Any meat left on the third day must be burnt, 7because it is ritually unclean, and if anyone eats it, I will not accept the offering. 8Anyone who eats it will be guilty of treating as ordinary what is dedicated to me, and he will no longer be considered one of my people.

9

19.9–10:
Lev 23.22
Deut 24.19–22
“When you harvest your fields, do not cut the corn at the edges of the fields, and do not go back to cut the ears of corn that were left. 10Do not go back through your vineyard to gather the grapes that were missed or to pick up the grapes that have fallen; leave them for poor people and foreigners. I am the LORD your God.

11

19.11:
Ex 20.15,16
Deut 5.19,20
“Do not steal or cheat or lie. 12
19.12:
Ex 20.7
Deut 5.11
Mt 5.33
Do not make a promise in my name if you do not intend to keep it; that brings disgrace on my name. I am the LORD your God.

13

19.13:
Deut 24.14–15
“Do not take advantage of anyone or rob him. Do not hold back the wages of someone you have hired, not even for one night. 14
19.14:
Deut 27.18
Do not curse a deaf man or put something in front of a blind man so as to make him stumble over it. Obey me; I am the LORD your God.

15

19.15:
Ex 23.6–8
Deut 16.19
“Be honest and just when you make decisions in legal cases; do not show favouritism to the poor or fear the rich. 16Do not spread lies about anyone, and when someone is on trial for his life, speak out if your testimony can help him. I am the LORD.

17

19.17:
Mt 18.15
“Do not bear a grudge against anyone, but settle your differences with him, so that you will not commit a sin because of him.19.17 sohim; or so that you do not commit this sin against him. 18
19.18:
Mt 5.43
19.19
22.39
Mk 12.31
Lk 10.27
Rom 13.9
Gal 5.14
Jas 2.8
Do not take revenge on anyone or continue to hate him, but love your neighbour as you love yourself. I am the LORD.

19

19.19:
Deut 22.9–11
“Obey my commands. Do not crossbreed domestic animals. Do not plant two kinds of seed in the same field. Do not wear clothes made of two kinds of material.

20“If a slave woman is the recognized concubine of a man and she has not been paid for and freed, then if another man has sexual relations with her, they will be punished but not19.20 theynot; or an investigation will be made but they will not be. put to death, since she is a slave. 21The man shall bring a ram to the entrance of the Tent of my presence as his repayment offering, 22and with it the priest shall perform the ritual of purification to remove the man's sin, and God will forgive him.

23“When you come into the land of Canaan and plant any kind of fruit tree, consider the fruit ritually unclean for the first three years. During that time you must not eat it. 24In the fourth year all the fruit shall be dedicated as an offering to show your gratitude to me,19.24 to show your gratitude to me; or in praise of me. the LORD. 25But in the fifth year you may eat the fruit. If you do all this, your trees will bear more fruit. I am the LORD your God.

26

19.26:
Gen 9.4
Lev 7.26–27
17.10–14
Deut 12.16,23
15.23
18.10
“Do not eat any meat with blood still in it. Do not practise any kind of magic. 27
19.27–28:
Lev 2.5
Deut 14.1
Do not cut the hair on the sides of your head or trim your beard 28or tattoo yourselves or cut gashes in your body to mourn for the dead. I am the LORD.

29

19.29:
Deut 23.17
“Do not disgrace your daughters by making them temple prostitutes;19.29 temple prostitutes: These women were found in Canaanite temples, where fertility gods were worshipped. It was believed that intercourse with these prostitutes assured fertile fields and herds. if you do, you will turn to other gods and the land will be full of immorality. 30
19.30:
Lev 26.2
Keep the Sabbath, and honour the place where I am worshipped. I am the LORD.

31

19.31:
Deut 18.11
1 Sam 28.3
2 Kgs 23.4
Is 8.19
“Do not go for advice to people who consult the spirits of the dead. If you do, you will be ritually unclean. I am the LORD your God.

32“Show respect for old people and honour them. Reverently obey me; I am the LORD.

33

19.33–34:
Ex 22.21
Deut 24.17–18
27.19
“Do not ill-treat foreigners who are living in your land. 34Treat them as you would a fellow-Israelite, and love them as you love yourselves. Remember that you were once foreigners in the land of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.

35

19.35–36:
Deut 25.13–16
Prov 20.10
Ezek 45.10
“Do not cheat anyone by using false measures of length, weight, or quantity. 36Use honest scales, honest weights, and honest measures. I am the LORD your God, and I brought you out of Egypt. 37Obey all my laws and commands. I am the LORD.”

20

Penalties for Disobedience

201The LORD told Moses 2to say to the people of Israel, “Any of you or any foreigner living among you who gives any of his or her children to be used in the worship of the god Molech shall be stoned to death by the whole community. 3If anyone gives one of his children to Molech and makes my sacred Tent unclean and disgraces my holy name, I will turn against him and will no longer consider him one of my people. 4But if the community ignores what he has done and does not put him to death, 5I myself will turn against the man and his whole family and against all who join him in being unfaithful to me and worshipping Molech. I will no longer consider them my people.

6“If anyone goes for advice to people who consult the spirits of the dead, I will turn against him and will no longer consider him one of my people. 7Keep yourselves holy, because I am the LORD your God. 8Obey my laws, because I am the LORD and I make you holy.”

9

20.9:
Ex 21.17
Mt 15.4
Mk 7.10
The LORD gave the following regulations. Anyone who curses his father or his mother shall be put to death; he is responsible for his own death.

10

20.10:
Ex 20.14
Lev 18.20
Deut 5.18
If a man commits adultery with the wife of a fellow-Israelite, both he and the woman shall be put to death. 11
20.11:
Lev 18.8
Deut 22.30
27.20
A man who has intercourse with one of his father's wives disgraces his father, and both he and the woman shall be put to death. They are responsible for their own death. 12
20.12:
Lev 18.15
If a man has intercourse with his daughter-in-law, they shall both be put to death. They have committed incest and are responsible for their own death. 13
20.13:
Lev 18.22
If a man has sexual relations with another man, they have done a disgusting thing, and both shall be put to death. They are responsible for their own death. 14
20.14:
Lev 18.17
Deut 27.23
If a man marries a woman and her mother, all three shall be burnt to death because of the disgraceful thing they have done; such a thing must not be permitted among you. 15
20.15–16:
Ex 22.19
Lev 18.23
Deut 27.21
If a man has sexual relations with an animal, he and the animal shall be put to death. 16If a woman tries to have sexual relations with an animal, she and the animal shall be put to death. They are responsible for their own death.

17

20.17:
Lev 18.9
Deut 27.22
If a man marries his sister or half-sister, they shall be publicly disgraced and driven out of the community. He has had intercourse with his sister and must suffer the consequences. 18
20.18:
Lev 18.19
If a man has intercourse with a woman during her monthly period, both of them are to be driven out of the community, because they have broken the regulations about ritual uncleanness.

19

20.19–20:
Lev 18.12–14
If a man has intercourse with his aunt, both of them must suffer the consequences for incest. 20If a man has intercourse with his uncle's wife, he disgraces his uncle, and he and the woman will pay the penalty; neither of them will have children. 21
20.21:
Lev 18.16
If a man marries his brother's wife, they will die childless. He has done a ritually unclean thing and has disgraced his brother.

22The LORD said, “Keep all my laws and commands, so that you will not be rejected by the land of Canaan, into which I am bringing you. 23Do not adopt the customs of people who live there; I am driving out those pagans so that you can enter the land. They have disgusted me with all their evil practices. 24But I have promised you this rich and fertile land as your possession, and I will give it to you. I am the LORD your God, and I have set you apart from the other nations. 25So then, you must make a clear distinction between animals and birds that are ritually clean and those that are not. Do not eat unclean animals or birds. I have declared them unclean, and eating them would make you unclean. 26You shall be holy and belong only to me, because I am the LORD and I am holy. I have set you apart from the other nations so that you would belong to me alone.

27“Any man or woman who consults the spirits of the dead shall be stoned to death; any person who does this is responsible for his own death.”

21

The Holiness of the Priests

211The LORD commanded Moses to say to the Aaronite priests, “No priest is to make himself ritually unclean by taking part in the funeral ceremonies when a relative dies, 2unless it is his mother, father, son, daughter, brother, 3or unmarried sister living in his house. 4He shall not make himself unclean at the death of those related to him by marriage.21.4 Verse 4 in Hebrew is unclear.

5

21.5:
Lev 19.27–28
Deut 14.1
“No priest shall shave any part of his head or trim his beard or cut gashes on his body to show that he is in mourning. 6He must be holy and must not disgrace my name. He offers food offerings to me, and he must be holy. 7A priest shall not marry a woman who has been a prostitute or a woman who is not a virgin or who is divorced; he is holy. 8The people must consider the priest holy, because he presents the food offerings to me. I am the LORD; I am holy and I make my people holy. 9If a priest's daughter becomes a prostitute, she disgraces her father; she shall be burnt to death.

10“The High Priest has had the anointing oil poured on his head and has been consecrated to wear the priestly garments, so he must not leave his hair uncombed or tear his clothes to show that he is in mourning. 11-12He has been dedicated to me and is not to make himself ritually unclean nor is he to defile my sacred Tent by leaving it and entering a house where there is a dead person, even if it is his own father or mother. 13He shall marry a virgin, 14not a widow or a divorced woman or a woman who has been a prostitute. He shall marry only a virgin from his own clan. 15Otherwise, his children, who ought to be holy, will be ritually unclean. I am the LORD and I have set him apart as the High Priest.”

16The LORD commanded Moses 17to say to Aaron, “None of your descendants who has any physical defect may present the food offering to me. This applies for all time to come. 18No man with any physical defect may make the offering: no one who is blind, lame, disfigured, or deformed; 19no one with a crippled hand or foot; 20no one who is a hunchback or a dwarf; no one with any eye or skin disease; and no eunuch. 21No descendant of Aaron the priest who has any physical defect may present the food offering to me. 22Such a man may eat the food offered to me, both the holy food offering and the very holy food offering, 23but because he has a physical defect, he shall not come near the sacred curtain or approach the altar. He must not profane these holy things, because I am the LORD and I make them holy.”

24This, then, is what Moses said to Aaron, the sons of Aaron, and to all the people of Israel.