Good News Translation (GNB)
18

Forbidden Sexual Practices

181The LORD told Moses 2to say to the people of Israel, “I am the LORD your God. 3Do not follow the practices of the people of Egypt, where you once lived, or of the people in the land of Canaan, where I am now taking you. 4Obey my laws and do what I command. I am the LORD your God. 5

18.5:
Neh 9.29
Ezek 18.9
20.11–13
Lk 10.28
Rom 10.5
Gal 3.12
Follow the practices and the laws that I give you; you will save your life by doing so. I am the LORD.”

6The LORD gave the following regulations. Do not have sexual intercourse with any of your relatives. 7Do not disgrace your father by having intercourse with your mother. You must not disgrace your own mother. 8

18.8:
Lev 20.11
Deut 22.30
27.20
Do not disgrace your father by having intercourse with any of his other wives. 9
18.9:
Lev 20.17
Deut 27.22
Do not have intercourse with your sister or your stepsister, whether or not she was brought up in the same house with you. 10Do not have intercourse with your granddaughter; that would be a disgrace to you. 11Do not have intercourse with a half-sister; she, too, is your sister. 12-13
18.12–14:
Lev 20.19–20
Do not have intercourse with an aunt, whether she is your father's sister or your mother's sister. 14Do not have intercourse with your uncle's wife; she, too, is your aunt. 15
18.15:
Lev 20.12
Do not have intercourse with your daughter-in-law 16
18.16:
Lev 20.21
or with your brother's wife. 17
18.17:
Lev 20.14
Deut 27.23
Do not have intercourse with the daughter or granddaughter of a woman with whom you have had intercourse; they may be related to you, and that would be incest. 18Do not take your wife's sister as one of your wives, as long as your wife is living.

19

18.19:
Lev 20.18
Do not have intercourse with a woman during her monthly period, because she is ritually unclean. 20
18.20:
Lev 20.10
Do not have intercourse with another man's wife; that would make you ritually unclean. 21
18.21:
Lev 20.1–5
Do not hand over any of your children to be used in the worship of the god Molech, because that would bring disgrace on the name of God, the LORD. 22
18.22:
Lev 20.13
No man is to have sexual relations with another man; God hates that. 23
18.23:
Ex 22.19
Lev 20.15–16
Deut 27.21
No man or woman is to have sexual relations with an animal; that perversion makes you ritually unclean.

24Do not make yourselves unclean by any of these acts, for that is how the pagans made themselves unclean, those pagans who lived in the land before you and whom the LORD is driving out so that you can go in. 25Their actions made the land unclean, and so the LORD is punishing the land and making it reject the people who lived there. 26-27They did all these disgusting things and made the land unclean, but you must not do them. All of you, whether Israelites or foreigners living with you, must keep the LORD's laws and commands, 28and then the land will not reject you, as it rejected the pagans who lived there before you. 29You know that whoever does any of these disgusting things will no longer be considered one of God's people.

30And the LORD said, “Obey the commands I give and do not follow the practices of the people who lived in the land before you, and do not make yourselves unclean by doing any of these things. I am the LORD your God.”

19

Laws of Holiness and Justice

191The LORD told Moses 2

19.2:
Lev 11.44–45
1 Pet 1.16
to say to the community of Israel, “Be holy, because I, the LORD your God, am holy. 3
19.3:
Ex 20.8,12
Deut 5.12,16
Each of you must respect his mother and his father, and must keep the Sabbath, as I have commanded. I am the LORD your God.

4

19.4:
Lev 26.1
Ex 20.23
34.17
Deut 27.15
“Do not abandon me and worship idols; do not make gods of metal and worship them. I am the LORD your God.

5“When you kill an animal for a fellowship offering, keep the regulations that I have given you, and I will accept the offering. 6The meat must be eaten on the day the animal is killed or on the next day. Any meat left on the third day must be burnt, 7because it is ritually unclean, and if anyone eats it, I will not accept the offering. 8Anyone who eats it will be guilty of treating as ordinary what is dedicated to me, and he will no longer be considered one of my people.

9

19.9–10:
Lev 23.22
Deut 24.19–22
“When you harvest your fields, do not cut the corn at the edges of the fields, and do not go back to cut the ears of corn that were left. 10Do not go back through your vineyard to gather the grapes that were missed or to pick up the grapes that have fallen; leave them for poor people and foreigners. I am the LORD your God.

11

19.11:
Ex 20.15,16
Deut 5.19,20
“Do not steal or cheat or lie. 12
19.12:
Ex 20.7
Deut 5.11
Mt 5.33
Do not make a promise in my name if you do not intend to keep it; that brings disgrace on my name. I am the LORD your God.

13

19.13:
Deut 24.14–15
“Do not take advantage of anyone or rob him. Do not hold back the wages of someone you have hired, not even for one night. 14
19.14:
Deut 27.18
Do not curse a deaf man or put something in front of a blind man so as to make him stumble over it. Obey me; I am the LORD your God.

15

19.15:
Ex 23.6–8
Deut 16.19
“Be honest and just when you make decisions in legal cases; do not show favouritism to the poor or fear the rich. 16Do not spread lies about anyone, and when someone is on trial for his life, speak out if your testimony can help him. I am the LORD.

17

19.17:
Mt 18.15
“Do not bear a grudge against anyone, but settle your differences with him, so that you will not commit a sin because of him.19.17 sohim; or so that you do not commit this sin against him. 18
19.18:
Mt 5.43
19.19
22.39
Mk 12.31
Lk 10.27
Rom 13.9
Gal 5.14
Jas 2.8
Do not take revenge on anyone or continue to hate him, but love your neighbour as you love yourself. I am the LORD.

19

19.19:
Deut 22.9–11
“Obey my commands. Do not crossbreed domestic animals. Do not plant two kinds of seed in the same field. Do not wear clothes made of two kinds of material.

20“If a slave woman is the recognized concubine of a man and she has not been paid for and freed, then if another man has sexual relations with her, they will be punished but not19.20 theynot; or an investigation will be made but they will not be. put to death, since she is a slave. 21The man shall bring a ram to the entrance of the Tent of my presence as his repayment offering, 22and with it the priest shall perform the ritual of purification to remove the man's sin, and God will forgive him.

23“When you come into the land of Canaan and plant any kind of fruit tree, consider the fruit ritually unclean for the first three years. During that time you must not eat it. 24In the fourth year all the fruit shall be dedicated as an offering to show your gratitude to me,19.24 to show your gratitude to me; or in praise of me. the LORD. 25But in the fifth year you may eat the fruit. If you do all this, your trees will bear more fruit. I am the LORD your God.

26

19.26:
Gen 9.4
Lev 7.26–27
17.10–14
Deut 12.16,23
15.23
18.10
“Do not eat any meat with blood still in it. Do not practise any kind of magic. 27
19.27–28:
Lev 2.5
Deut 14.1
Do not cut the hair on the sides of your head or trim your beard 28or tattoo yourselves or cut gashes in your body to mourn for the dead. I am the LORD.

29

19.29:
Deut 23.17
“Do not disgrace your daughters by making them temple prostitutes;19.29 temple prostitutes: These women were found in Canaanite temples, where fertility gods were worshipped. It was believed that intercourse with these prostitutes assured fertile fields and herds. if you do, you will turn to other gods and the land will be full of immorality. 30
19.30:
Lev 26.2
Keep the Sabbath, and honour the place where I am worshipped. I am the LORD.

31

19.31:
Deut 18.11
1 Sam 28.3
2 Kgs 23.4
Is 8.19
“Do not go for advice to people who consult the spirits of the dead. If you do, you will be ritually unclean. I am the LORD your God.

32“Show respect for old people and honour them. Reverently obey me; I am the LORD.

33

19.33–34:
Ex 22.21
Deut 24.17–18
27.19
“Do not ill-treat foreigners who are living in your land. 34Treat them as you would a fellow-Israelite, and love them as you love yourselves. Remember that you were once foreigners in the land of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.

35

19.35–36:
Deut 25.13–16
Prov 20.10
Ezek 45.10
“Do not cheat anyone by using false measures of length, weight, or quantity. 36Use honest scales, honest weights, and honest measures. I am the LORD your God, and I brought you out of Egypt. 37Obey all my laws and commands. I am the LORD.”

20

Penalties for Disobedience

201The LORD told Moses 2to say to the people of Israel, “Any of you or any foreigner living among you who gives any of his or her children to be used in the worship of the god Molech shall be stoned to death by the whole community. 3If anyone gives one of his children to Molech and makes my sacred Tent unclean and disgraces my holy name, I will turn against him and will no longer consider him one of my people. 4But if the community ignores what he has done and does not put him to death, 5I myself will turn against the man and his whole family and against all who join him in being unfaithful to me and worshipping Molech. I will no longer consider them my people.

6“If anyone goes for advice to people who consult the spirits of the dead, I will turn against him and will no longer consider him one of my people. 7Keep yourselves holy, because I am the LORD your God. 8Obey my laws, because I am the LORD and I make you holy.”

9

20.9:
Ex 21.17
Mt 15.4
Mk 7.10
The LORD gave the following regulations. Anyone who curses his father or his mother shall be put to death; he is responsible for his own death.

10

20.10:
Ex 20.14
Lev 18.20
Deut 5.18
If a man commits adultery with the wife of a fellow-Israelite, both he and the woman shall be put to death. 11
20.11:
Lev 18.8
Deut 22.30
27.20
A man who has intercourse with one of his father's wives disgraces his father, and both he and the woman shall be put to death. They are responsible for their own death. 12
20.12:
Lev 18.15
If a man has intercourse with his daughter-in-law, they shall both be put to death. They have committed incest and are responsible for their own death. 13
20.13:
Lev 18.22
If a man has sexual relations with another man, they have done a disgusting thing, and both shall be put to death. They are responsible for their own death. 14
20.14:
Lev 18.17
Deut 27.23
If a man marries a woman and her mother, all three shall be burnt to death because of the disgraceful thing they have done; such a thing must not be permitted among you. 15
20.15–16:
Ex 22.19
Lev 18.23
Deut 27.21
If a man has sexual relations with an animal, he and the animal shall be put to death. 16If a woman tries to have sexual relations with an animal, she and the animal shall be put to death. They are responsible for their own death.

17

20.17:
Lev 18.9
Deut 27.22
If a man marries his sister or half-sister, they shall be publicly disgraced and driven out of the community. He has had intercourse with his sister and must suffer the consequences. 18
20.18:
Lev 18.19
If a man has intercourse with a woman during her monthly period, both of them are to be driven out of the community, because they have broken the regulations about ritual uncleanness.

19

20.19–20:
Lev 18.12–14
If a man has intercourse with his aunt, both of them must suffer the consequences for incest. 20If a man has intercourse with his uncle's wife, he disgraces his uncle, and he and the woman will pay the penalty; neither of them will have children. 21
20.21:
Lev 18.16
If a man marries his brother's wife, they will die childless. He has done a ritually unclean thing and has disgraced his brother.

22The LORD said, “Keep all my laws and commands, so that you will not be rejected by the land of Canaan, into which I am bringing you. 23Do not adopt the customs of people who live there; I am driving out those pagans so that you can enter the land. They have disgusted me with all their evil practices. 24But I have promised you this rich and fertile land as your possession, and I will give it to you. I am the LORD your God, and I have set you apart from the other nations. 25So then, you must make a clear distinction between animals and birds that are ritually clean and those that are not. Do not eat unclean animals or birds. I have declared them unclean, and eating them would make you unclean. 26You shall be holy and belong only to me, because I am the LORD and I am holy. I have set you apart from the other nations so that you would belong to me alone.

27“Any man or woman who consults the spirits of the dead shall be stoned to death; any person who does this is responsible for his own death.”