Good News Translation (GNB)
14

Purification after Having Skin Diseases

141The LORD gave Moses 2

14.2:
Mt 8.4
Mk 1.44
Lk 5.14
17.14
the following regulations about the ritual purification of a person cured of a dreaded skin disease. On the day he is to be pronounced clean, he shall be brought to the priest, 3and the priest shall take him outside the camp and examine him. If the disease is healed, 4the priest shall order two ritually clean birds to be brought, together with a piece of cedar wood, a red cord, and a sprig of hyssop. 5Then the priest shall order one of the birds to be killed over a clay bowl containing fresh spring water. 6He shall take the other bird and dip it, together with the cedar wood, the red cord, and the hyssop, in the blood of the bird that was killed. 7He shall sprinkle the blood seven times on the person who is to be purified from his skin disease, and then he shall pronounce him clean. He shall let the live bird fly away over the open fields. 8The person shall wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and have a bath; he will then be ritually clean. He may enter the camp, but he must live outside his tent for seven days. 9On the seventh day he shall again shave his head, his beard, his eyebrows, and all the rest of the hair on his body; he shall wash his clothes and have a bath, and then he will be ritually clean.

10On the eighth day he shall bring two male lambs and one female lamb a year old that are without any defects, three kilogrammes of flour mixed with olive oil, and a third of a litre of olive oil. 11The priest shall take the person and these offerings to the entrance of the Tent of the LORD's presence. 12Then the priest shall take one of the male lambs and together with the one-third of a litre of oil he shall offer it as a repayment offering. He shall present them as a special gift to the LORD for the priest. 13He shall kill the lamb in the place where the animals for the sin offerings and the burnt offerings are killed. He must do this because the repayment offering, like the sin offering, belongs to the priest and is very holy. 14The priest shall take some of the blood of the lamb and put it on the lobe of the right ear, on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the one who is to be declared ritually clean. 15The priest shall take some of the olive oil and pour it in the palm of his own left hand, 16dip a finger of his right hand in it, and sprinkle some of it seven times there in the LORD's presence. 17He shall take some of the oil that is in the palm of his hand and some of the blood of the lamb and put them on the lobe of the right ear, on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the one who is to be declared ritually clean. 18He shall put the rest of the oil that is in the palm of his hand on the person's head. In this way he shall perform the ritual of purification.

19Then the priest shall offer the sin offering and perform the ritual of purification. After that, he shall kill the animal for the burnt offering 20and offer it with the grain offering on the altar. In this way the priest shall perform the ritual of purification, and the person will be ritually clean.

21If he is poor and cannot afford any more, he shall bring for his purification only one male lamb as his repayment offering, a special gift to the LORD for the priest. He shall bring only one kilogramme of flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering and a third of a litre of olive oil. 22He shall also bring two doves or two pigeons, one for the sin offering and one for the burnt offering. 23On the eighth day of his purification he shall bring them to the priest at the entrance of the Tent. 24The priest shall take the lamb and the olive oil and present them as a special gift to the LORD for the priest. 25He shall kill the lamb and take some of the blood and put it on the lobe of the person's right ear, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. 26The priest shall pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand 27and with a finger of his right hand sprinkle some of it seven times there in the LORD's presence. 28He shall put some of the oil on the same places as he put the blood: on the lobe of the person's right ear, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. 29The rest of the oil that is in his palm he shall put on the person's head and in this way perform the ritual of purification. 30Then he shall offer one of the doves or pigeons 31as the sin offering and the other as the burnt offering with the grain offering. In this way the priest shall perform the ritual of purification. 32This is the law for the one who has a dreaded skin disease but who cannot afford the normal offerings required for his purification.

Mildew in Houses

33The LORD gave Moses and Aaron 34-35the following regulations about houses affected by spreading mildew. (These were to apply after the people of Israel entered the land of Canaan, which the LORD was going to give them as their possession.) If someone finds that the LORD has sent mildew on his house, then he must go and tell the priest about it. 36The priest shall order everything to be moved out of the house before he goes to examine the mildew; otherwise everything in the house will be declared unclean. Then he shall go to the house 37and examine the mildew. If there are greenish or reddish spots that appear to be eating into the wall, 38he shall leave the house and lock it up for seven days. 39On the seventh day he shall return and examine it again. If the mildew has spread, 40he shall order the stones on which the mildew is found to be removed and thrown into some unclean place outside the city. 41After that he must have all the interior walls scraped and the plaster dumped in an unclean place outside the city. 42Then other stones are to be used to replace the stones that were removed, and new plaster will be used to cover the walls.

43If the mildew breaks out again in the house after the stones have been removed and the house has been scraped and plastered, 44the priest shall go and look. If it has spread, the house is unclean. 45It must be torn down, and its stones, its wood, and all its plaster must be carried out of the city to an unclean place. 46Anyone who enters the house while it is locked up will be unclean until evening. 47Anyone who lies down or eats in the house must wash his clothes.

48If, when the priest comes to look, the mildew has not reappeared after the house has been replastered, he shall pronounce the house ritually clean, because the mildew has been completely removed. 49To purify the house, he shall take two birds, some cedar wood, a red cord, and a sprig of hyssop. 50He shall kill one of the birds over a clay bowl containing fresh spring water. 51Then he shall take the cedar wood, the hyssop, the red cord, and the live bird and shall dip them in the blood of the bird that was killed and in the fresh water. And he shall sprinkle the house seven times. 52In this way he shall purify the house with the bird's blood, the fresh water, the live bird, the cedar wood, the hyssop, and the red cord. 53Then he shall let the live bird fly away outside the city over the open fields. In this way he shall perform the ritual of purification for the house, and it will be ritually clean.

54These are the laws about dreaded skin diseases; 55-56sores, boils, or inflammations; and about mildew in clothes or houses. 57These laws determine when something is unclean and when it is clean.

15

Unclean Bodily Discharges

151The LORD gave Moses and Aaron the following regulations 2for the people of Israel. When any man has a discharge from his penis, the discharge is unclean, 3whether the penis runs with it or is stopped up by it. 4Any bed on which he sits or lies is unclean. 5Anyone who touches his bed 6or sits on anything the man has sat on must wash his clothes and have a bath, and he remains unclean until evening. 7Anyone who touches the man with the discharge must wash his clothes and have a bath, and he remains unclean until evening. 8If the man with the discharge spits on anyone who is ritually clean, that person must wash his clothes and have a bath, and he remains unclean until evening. 9Any saddle or seat on which the man with the discharge sits is unclean. 10Anyone who touches anything on which the man sat is unclean until evening. Anyone who carries anything on which the man sat must wash his clothes and have a bath, and he remains unclean until evening. 11If a man who has a discharge touches someone without first having washed his hands, that person must wash his clothes and have a bath, and he remains unclean until evening. 12Any clay pot that the man touches must be broken, and any wooden bowl that he touches must be washed.

13After the man is cured of his discharge, he must wait seven days and then wash his clothes and bathe in fresh spring water, and he will be ritually clean. 14On the eighth day he shall take two doves or two pigeons to the entrance of the Tent of the LORD's presence and give them to the priest. 15The priest shall offer one of them as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering. In this way he will perform the ritual of purification for the man.

16When a man has an emission of semen, he must bathe his whole body, and he remains unclean until evening. 17Anything made of cloth or leather on which the semen falls must be washed, and it remains unclean until evening. 18After sexual intercourse both the man and the woman must have a bath, and they remain unclean until evening.

19When a woman has her monthly period, she remains unclean for seven days. Anyone who touches her is unclean until evening. 20Anything on which she sits or lies during her monthly period is unclean. 21-23Anyone who touches her bed or anything on which she has sat must wash his clothes and have a bath, and he remains unclean until evening. 24If a man has sexual intercourse with her during her period, he is contaminated by her impurity and remains unclean for seven days, and any bed on which he lies is unclean.

25If a woman has a flow of blood for several days outside her monthly period or if her flow continues beyond her regular period, she remains unclean as long as the flow continues, just as she is during her monthly period. 26Any bed on which she lies and anything on which she sits during this time is unclean. 27Anyone who touches them is unclean and must wash his clothes and have a bath; he remains unclean until evening. 28After her flow stops, she must wait seven days, and then she will be ritually clean. 29On the eighth day she shall take two doves or two pigeons to the priest at the entrance of the Tent of the LORD's presence. 30The priest shall offer one of them as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, and in this way he will perform the ritual of purification for her.

31The LORD told Moses to warn the people of Israel about their uncleanness, so that they would not defile the Tent of his presence, which was in the middle of the camp. If they did, they would be killed.

32These are the regulations about a man who has a discharge or an emission of semen, 33a woman during her monthly period, or a man who has sexual intercourse with a woman who is ritually unclean.

16

The Day of Atonement

161The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron who were killed when they offered unholy fire to the LORD. 2

16.2:
Heb 6.19
He said, “Tell your brother Aaron that only at the proper time is he to go behind the curtain into the Most Holy Place, because that is where I appear in a cloud above the lid on the Covenant Box. If he disobeys, he will be killed. 3
16.3:
Heb 9.7
He may enter the Most Holy Place only after he has brought a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.”

4Then the LORD gave the following instructions. Before Aaron goes into the Most Holy Place, he must have a bath and put on the priestly garments: the linen robe and shorts, the belt, and the turban.

5The community of Israel shall give Aaron two male goats for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. 6He shall offer a bull as a sacrifice to take away his own sins and those of his family. 7Then he shall take the two goats to the entrance of the Tent of the LORD's presence. 8There he shall draw lots, using two stones, one marked “for the LORD” and the other “for Azazel”.16.8; 16.20 Azazel: The meaning of this Hebrew word is unknown; it may be the name of a desert demon. 9Aaron shall sacrifice the goat chosen by lot for the LORD and offer it as a sin offering. 10The goat chosen for Azazel shall be presented alive to the LORD and sent off into the desert to Azazel, in order to take away the sins of the people.

11When Aaron sacrifices the bull as the sin offering for himself and his family, 12he shall take a firepan full of burning coals from the altar and two handfuls of fine incense and bring them into the Most Holy Place. 13There in the LORD's presence he shall put the incense on the fire, and the smoke of the incense will hide the lid of the Covenant Box so that he will not see it and die. 14He shall take some of the bull's blood and with his finger sprinkle it on the front of the lid and then sprinkle some of it seven times in front of the Covenant Box.

15

16.15:
Heb 9.12
After that, he shall kill the goat for the sin offering for the people, bring its blood into the Most Holy Place, and sprinkle it on the lid and then in front of the Covenant Box, as he did with the bull's blood. 16In this way he will perform the ritual to purify the Most Holy Place from the uncleanness of the people of Israel and from all their sins. He must do this to the Tent, because it stands in the middle of the camp, which is ritually unclean. 17From the time Aaron enters the Most Holy Place to perform the ritual of purification until he comes out, there must be no one in the Tent. When he has performed the ritual for himself, his family, and the whole community, 18he must then go out to the altar for burnt offerings and purify it. He must take some of the bull's blood and some of the goat's blood and put it all over the projections at the corners of the altar. 19With his finger he must sprinkle some of the blood on the altar seven times. In this way he is to purify it from the sins of the people of Israel and make it holy.

The Scapegoat

20When Aaron has finished performing the ritual to purify the Most Holy Place, the rest of the Tent of the LORD's presence, and the altar, he shall present to the LORD the live goat chosen for Azazel.16.20; 16.8 Azazel: The meaning of this Hebrew word is unknown; it may be the name of a desert demon. 21He shall put both his hands on the goat's head and confess over it all the evils, sins, and rebellions of the people of Israel, and so transfer them to the goat's head. Then the goat is to be driven off into the desert by someone appointed to do it. 22The goat will carry all their sins away with him into some uninhabited land.

23

16.23:
Ezek 44.19
Then Aaron shall go into the Tent, take off the priestly garments that he had put on before entering the Most Holy Place, and leave them there. 24He must bathe in a holy place and put on his own clothes. After that, he shall go out and offer the burnt offering to remove his own sins and those of the people. 25He shall burn on the altar the fat of the animal for the sin offering. 26The man who drove the goat into the desert to Azazel must wash his clothes and have a bath before he comes back into camp. 27
16.27:
Heb 13.11
The bull and the goat used for the sin offering, whose blood was brought into the Most Holy Place to take away sin, shall be carried outside the camp and burnt. Skin, meat, and intestines shall all be burnt. 28The one who burns them must wash his clothes and have a bath before he returns to camp.

Observing the Day of Atonement

29

16.29–34:
Lev 23.26–32
Num 29.7–11
The following regulations are to be observed for all time to come. On the tenth day of the seventh month the Israelites and the foreigners living among them must fast and must not do any work. 30On that day the ritual is to be performed to purify them from all their sins, so that they will be ritually clean. 31That day is to be a very holy day, one on which they fast and do no work at all. These regulations are to be observed for all time to come. 32The High Priest, properly ordained and consecrated to succeed his father, is to perform the ritual of purification. He shall put on the priestly garments 33and perform the ritual to purify the Most Holy Place, the rest of the Tent of the LORD's presence, the altar, the priests, and all the people of the community. 34These regulations are to be observed for all time to come. This ritual must be performed once a year to purify the people of Israel from all their sins.

So Moses16.34 Moses; or Aaron. did as the Lord had commanded.