Good News Translation (GNB)
12

The Purification of Women after Childbirth

121The LORD gave Moses the following regulations 2for the people of Israel. For seven days after a woman gives birth to a son, she is ritually unclean, as she is during her monthly period. 3

12.3:
Gen 17.12
Lk 2.21
On the eighth day, the child shall be circumcised. 4Then it will be 33 more days before she is ritually clean from her loss of blood; she must not touch anything that is holy or enter the sacred Tent until the time of her purification is completed.

5For fourteen days after a woman gives birth to a daughter, she is ritually unclean, as she is during her monthly period. Then it will be 66 more days before she is ritually clean from her loss of blood.

6When the time of her purification is completed, whether for a son or daughter, she shall bring to the priest at the entrance of the Tent of the LORD's presence a one-year-old lamb for a burnt offering and a pigeon or a dove for a sin offering. 7The priest shall present her offering to the Lord and perform the ritual to take away her impurity, and she will be ritually clean. This, then, is what a woman must do after giving birth.

8

12.8:
Lk 2.24
If the woman cannot afford a lamb, she shall bring two doves or two pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering, and the priest shall perform the ritual to take away her impurity, and she will be ritually clean.

13

Laws concerning Skin Diseases

131The LORD gave Moses and Aaron these regulations. 2If anyone has a sore on his skin or a boil or an inflammation which could develop into a dreaded skin disease, he shall be brought to the Aaronite priest. 3The priest shall examine the sore, and if the hairs in it have turned white and the sore appears to be deeper than the surrounding skin, it is a dreaded skin disease, and the priest shall pronounce the person unclean. 4But if the sore is white and does not appear to be deeper than the skin round it and the hairs have not turned white, the priest shall isolate the person for seven days. 5The priest shall examine him again on the seventh day, and if in his opinion the sore looks the same and has not spread, he shall isolate him for another seven days. 6The priest shall examine him again on the seventh day, and if the sore has faded and has not spread, he shall pronounce him ritually clean; it is only a sore. The person shall wash his clothes and be ritually clean. 7But if the sore spreads after the priest has examined him and pronounced him clean, he must appear before the priest again. 8The priest will examine him again, and if it has spread, he shall pronounce him unclean; it is a dreaded skin disease.

9If anyone has a dreaded skin disease, he shall be brought to the priest, 10who will examine him. If there is a white sore on his skin which turns the hairs white and is full of pus, 11it is a chronic skin disease. The priest shall pronounce him unclean; there is no need to isolate him, because he is obviously unclean. 12If the skin disease spreads and covers the person from head to foot, 13the priest shall examine him again. If he finds that it actually has covered the whole body, he shall pronounce the person ritually clean. If his whole skin has turned white, he is ritually clean. 14But from the moment an open sore appears, he is unclean. 15The priest shall examine him again, and if he sees an open sore, he shall pronounce him unclean. An open sore means a dreaded skin disease, and the person is unclean. 16But when the sore heals and becomes white again, the person shall go to the priest, 17who will examine him again. If the sore has turned white, he is ritually clean, and the priest shall pronounce him clean.

18If anyone has a boil that has healed 19and if afterwards a white swelling or a reddish-white spot appears where the boil was, he shall go to the priest. 20The priest shall examine him, and if the spot seems to be deeper than the surrounding skin and the hairs in it have turned white, he shall pronounce him unclean. It is a dreaded skin disease that has started in the boil. 21But if the priest examines it and finds that the hairs in it have not turned white and that it is not deeper than the surrounding skin, but is light in colour, the priest shall isolate him for seven days. 22If the spot spreads, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; he is diseased. 23But if it remains unchanged and does not spread, it is only the scar left from the boil, and the priest shall pronounce him ritually clean.

24In the case of a person who has been burnt, if the raw flesh becomes white or reddish-white, 25the priest shall examine him. If the hairs in the spot have turned white and it appears deeper than the surrounding skin, it is a dreaded skin disease that has started in the burn, and the priest shall pronounce him unclean. 26But if the hairs in it have not turned white and it is not deeper than the surrounding skin, but is light in colour, the priest shall isolate him for seven days. 27The priest shall examine him again on the seventh day, and if it is spreading, it is a dreaded skin disease, and the priest shall pronounce him unclean. 28But if the spot remains unchanged and does not spread and is light in colour, it is not a dreaded skin disease. The priest shall pronounce him ritually clean, because it is only a scar from the burn.

29When a man or a woman has a sore on the head or the chin, 30the priest shall examine it. If it seems to be deeper than the surrounding skin and the hairs in it are yellowish and thin, it is a dreaded skin disease, and he shall pronounce the person unclean. 31If, when the priest examines him, the sore does not appear to be deeper than the surrounding skin, but there are still no healthy hairs in it, he shall isolate him for seven days. 32The priest shall examine the sore again on the seventh day, and if it has not spread and there are no yellowish hairs in it and it does not seem to be deeper than the surrounding skin, 33the person shall shave the head except the area round the sore. The priest shall then isolate him for another seven days. 34On the seventh day the priest shall again examine the sore, and if it has not spread and does not seem to be deeper than the surrounding skin, he shall pronounce him ritually clean. The person shall wash his clothes, and he will be clean. 35But if the sore spreads after he has been pronounced clean, 36the priest shall examine him again. If the sore has spread, he need not look for yellowish hairs; the person is obviously unclean. 37But if in the priest's opinion the sore has not spread and healthy hairs are growing in it, the sore has healed, and the priest shall pronounce him ritually clean.

38When a man or a woman has white spots on the skin, 39the priest shall examine that person. If the spots are dull white, it is only a blemish that has broken out on the skin; the person is ritually clean.

40-41If a man loses his hair at the back or the front of his head, this does not make him unclean. 42But if a reddish-white sore appears on the bald spot, it is a dreaded skin disease. 43The priest shall examine him, and if there is a reddish-white sore, 44the priest shall pronounce him unclean, because of the dreaded skin disease on his head.

45A person who has a dreaded skin disease must wear torn clothes, leave his hair uncombed, cover the lower part of his face, and call out, “Unclean, unclean!” 46He remains unclean as long as he has the disease, and he must live outside the camp, away from others.

Laws concerning Mildew

47When there is mildew13.47 mildew: The Hebrew word for “dreaded skin disease” and “mildew” is the same. on clothing, whether wool or linen, 48or on any piece of linen or wool cloth or on leather or anything made of leather, 49if it is greenish or reddish, it is a spreading mildew and must be shown to the priest. 50The priest shall examine it and put the object away for seven days. 51He shall examine it again on the seventh day, and if the mildew has spread, the object is unclean. 52The priest shall burn it, because it is a spreading mildew which must be destroyed by fire.

53But if, when he examines it, the priest finds that the mildew has not spread on the object, 54he shall order it to be washed and put away for another seven days. 55Then he shall examine it, and if the mildew has not changed colour, even though it has not spread, it is still unclean; you must burn the object, whether the rot is on the front or the back. 56But if, when the priest examines it again, the mildew has faded, he shall tear it out of the clothing or leather. 57Then, if the mildew reappears, it is spreading again, and the owner shall burn the object. 58If he washes the object and the spot disappears, he shall wash it again, and it will be ritually clean.

59This, then, is the law about mildew on clothing, whether it is wool or linen, or on linen or wool cloth or on anything made of leather; this is how the decision is made as to whether it is ritually clean or unclean.

14

Purification after Having Skin Diseases

141The LORD gave Moses 2

14.2:
Mt 8.4
Mk 1.44
Lk 5.14
17.14
the following regulations about the ritual purification of a person cured of a dreaded skin disease. On the day he is to be pronounced clean, he shall be brought to the priest, 3and the priest shall take him outside the camp and examine him. If the disease is healed, 4the priest shall order two ritually clean birds to be brought, together with a piece of cedar wood, a red cord, and a sprig of hyssop. 5Then the priest shall order one of the birds to be killed over a clay bowl containing fresh spring water. 6He shall take the other bird and dip it, together with the cedar wood, the red cord, and the hyssop, in the blood of the bird that was killed. 7He shall sprinkle the blood seven times on the person who is to be purified from his skin disease, and then he shall pronounce him clean. He shall let the live bird fly away over the open fields. 8The person shall wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and have a bath; he will then be ritually clean. He may enter the camp, but he must live outside his tent for seven days. 9On the seventh day he shall again shave his head, his beard, his eyebrows, and all the rest of the hair on his body; he shall wash his clothes and have a bath, and then he will be ritually clean.

10On the eighth day he shall bring two male lambs and one female lamb a year old that are without any defects, three kilogrammes of flour mixed with olive oil, and a third of a litre of olive oil. 11The priest shall take the person and these offerings to the entrance of the Tent of the LORD's presence. 12Then the priest shall take one of the male lambs and together with the one-third of a litre of oil he shall offer it as a repayment offering. He shall present them as a special gift to the LORD for the priest. 13He shall kill the lamb in the place where the animals for the sin offerings and the burnt offerings are killed. He must do this because the repayment offering, like the sin offering, belongs to the priest and is very holy. 14The priest shall take some of the blood of the lamb and put it on the lobe of the right ear, on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the one who is to be declared ritually clean. 15The priest shall take some of the olive oil and pour it in the palm of his own left hand, 16dip a finger of his right hand in it, and sprinkle some of it seven times there in the LORD's presence. 17He shall take some of the oil that is in the palm of his hand and some of the blood of the lamb and put them on the lobe of the right ear, on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the one who is to be declared ritually clean. 18He shall put the rest of the oil that is in the palm of his hand on the person's head. In this way he shall perform the ritual of purification.

19Then the priest shall offer the sin offering and perform the ritual of purification. After that, he shall kill the animal for the burnt offering 20and offer it with the grain offering on the altar. In this way the priest shall perform the ritual of purification, and the person will be ritually clean.

21If he is poor and cannot afford any more, he shall bring for his purification only one male lamb as his repayment offering, a special gift to the LORD for the priest. He shall bring only one kilogramme of flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering and a third of a litre of olive oil. 22He shall also bring two doves or two pigeons, one for the sin offering and one for the burnt offering. 23On the eighth day of his purification he shall bring them to the priest at the entrance of the Tent. 24The priest shall take the lamb and the olive oil and present them as a special gift to the LORD for the priest. 25He shall kill the lamb and take some of the blood and put it on the lobe of the person's right ear, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. 26The priest shall pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand 27and with a finger of his right hand sprinkle some of it seven times there in the LORD's presence. 28He shall put some of the oil on the same places as he put the blood: on the lobe of the person's right ear, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. 29The rest of the oil that is in his palm he shall put on the person's head and in this way perform the ritual of purification. 30Then he shall offer one of the doves or pigeons 31as the sin offering and the other as the burnt offering with the grain offering. In this way the priest shall perform the ritual of purification. 32This is the law for the one who has a dreaded skin disease but who cannot afford the normal offerings required for his purification.

Mildew in Houses

33The LORD gave Moses and Aaron 34-35the following regulations about houses affected by spreading mildew. (These were to apply after the people of Israel entered the land of Canaan, which the LORD was going to give them as their possession.) If someone finds that the LORD has sent mildew on his house, then he must go and tell the priest about it. 36The priest shall order everything to be moved out of the house before he goes to examine the mildew; otherwise everything in the house will be declared unclean. Then he shall go to the house 37and examine the mildew. If there are greenish or reddish spots that appear to be eating into the wall, 38he shall leave the house and lock it up for seven days. 39On the seventh day he shall return and examine it again. If the mildew has spread, 40he shall order the stones on which the mildew is found to be removed and thrown into some unclean place outside the city. 41After that he must have all the interior walls scraped and the plaster dumped in an unclean place outside the city. 42Then other stones are to be used to replace the stones that were removed, and new plaster will be used to cover the walls.

43If the mildew breaks out again in the house after the stones have been removed and the house has been scraped and plastered, 44the priest shall go and look. If it has spread, the house is unclean. 45It must be torn down, and its stones, its wood, and all its plaster must be carried out of the city to an unclean place. 46Anyone who enters the house while it is locked up will be unclean until evening. 47Anyone who lies down or eats in the house must wash his clothes.

48If, when the priest comes to look, the mildew has not reappeared after the house has been replastered, he shall pronounce the house ritually clean, because the mildew has been completely removed. 49To purify the house, he shall take two birds, some cedar wood, a red cord, and a sprig of hyssop. 50He shall kill one of the birds over a clay bowl containing fresh spring water. 51Then he shall take the cedar wood, the hyssop, the red cord, and the live bird and shall dip them in the blood of the bird that was killed and in the fresh water. And he shall sprinkle the house seven times. 52In this way he shall purify the house with the bird's blood, the fresh water, the live bird, the cedar wood, the hyssop, and the red cord. 53Then he shall let the live bird fly away outside the city over the open fields. In this way he shall perform the ritual of purification for the house, and it will be ritually clean.

54These are the laws about dreaded skin diseases; 55-56sores, boils, or inflammations; and about mildew in clothes or houses. 57These laws determine when something is unclean and when it is clean.