131Joshua was now very old. The LORD said to him, “You are very old, but there is still much land to be taken: 2all the territory of Philistia and Geshur, 3as well as all the territory of the Avvim to the south. (The land from the stream of Shihor, at the Egyptian border, as far north as the border of Ekron was considered Canaanite; the kings of the Philistines lived at Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron.) 4There is still all the Canaanite country, and Mearah (which belonged to the Sidonians), as far as Aphek, at the Amorite border; 5the land of the Gebalites; all of Lebanon to the east, from Baalgad, which is south of Mount Hermon, to Hamath Pass. 6
This includes all the territory of the Sidonians, who live in the hill country between the Lebanon Mountains and Misrephoth Maim. I will drive all these peoples out as the people of Israel advance. You must divide the land among the Israelites, just as I have commanded you to do. 7Now then, divide this land among the other nine tribes and half of the tribe of Manasseh, for them to possess as their own.”
The tribes of Reuben and Gad and the other half of the tribe of Manasseh had already received the land that Moses, the LORD's servant, had given them; it was on the east side of the River Jordan. 9Their territory extended to Aroer (on the edge of the Arnon Valley) and the city in the middle of that valley and included all the plateau from Medeba to Dibon. 10It went as far as the border of Ammon and included all the cities that had been ruled by the Amorite king Sihon, who had ruled at Heshbon. 11It included Gilead, the regions of Geshur and Maacah, all Mount Hermon, and all of Bashan as far as Salecah. 12It included the kingdom of Og, the last of the Rephaim, who had ruled at Ashtaroth and Edrei. Moses had defeated these people and driven them out. 13However, the Israelites did not drive out the people of Geshur and Maacah; they still live in Israel.
Moses had given no land to the tribe of Levi. As the LORD had told Moses, they were to receive as their possession a share of the sacrifices burnt on the altar to the LORD God of Israel.
15Moses had given a part of the land to the families of the tribe of Reuben as their possession. 16Their territory extended to Aroer (on the edge of the Arnon Valley) and the city in the middle of that valley and included all the plateau round Medeba. 17It included Heshbon and all the cities on the plateau: Dibon, Bamoth Baal, Beth Baalmeon, 18Jahaz, Kedemoth, Mephaath, 19Kiriathaim, Sibmah, Zerethshahar on the hill in the valley, 20Bethpeor, the slopes of Mount Pisgah, and Beth Jeshimoth. 21It included all the cities of the plateau and the whole kingdom of the Amorite king Sihon, who had ruled at Heshbon. Moses defeated him, as well as the rulers of Midian: Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba. All of them had ruled the land for King Sihon. 22Among those whom the people of Israel killed was the fortune teller Balaam son of Beor. 23The Jordan was the western border of the tribe of Reuben. These were the cities and towns given to the families of the tribe of Reuben as their possession.
24Moses had also given a part of the land to the families of the tribe of Gad as their possession. 25Their territory included Jazer and all the cities of Gilead, half the land of Ammon as far as Aroer, which is east of Rabbah; 26their land extended from Heshbon to Ramath Mizpeh and Betonim, from Mahanaim to the border of Lodebar. 27In the Jordan Valley it included Beth Haram, Bethnimrah, Sukkoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of King Sihon of Heshbon. Their western border was the River Jordan as far north as Lake Galilee. 28These were the cities and towns given to the families of the tribe of Gad as their possession.
29Moses had given a part of the land to the families of half the tribe of Manasseh as their possession. 30Their territory extended to Mahanaim and included all of Bashan — the whole kingdom of Og, the king of Bashan, as well as all sixty of the villages of Jair in Bashan. 31It included half of Gilead, as well as Ashtaroth and Edrei, the capital cities of Og's kingdom in Bashan. All this was given to half the families descended from Machir son of Manasseh.
32That is how Moses divided the land east of Jericho and the Jordan when he was in the plains of Moab. 33
But Moses did not assign any land to the tribe of Levi. He told them that their possession was to be a share of the offerings to the LORD God of Israel.
141What follows is an account of how the land of Canaan west of the Jordan was divided among the people of Israel. Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the leaders of the families of the Israelite tribes divided it among the population. 2
As the LORD had commanded Moses, the territories of the nine and a half tribes west of the Jordan were determined by drawing lots.14.2 drawing lots: This was usually done by using specially marked stones to determine God's will. 3-4
Moses had already assigned the land east of the Jordan to the other two and a half tribes. (The descendants of Joseph were divided into two tribes: Manasseh and Ephraim.) However, Moses gave the Levites no portion of the territory. Instead, they received cities to live in, with fields for their cattle and flocks. 5The people of Israel divided the land as the LORD had commanded Moses.
One day some people from the tribe of Judah came to Joshua at Gilgal. One of them, Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, said to him, “You know what the LORD said in Kadesh Barnea about you and me to Moses, the man of God. 7
I was forty years old when the LORD's servant Moses sent me from Kadesh Barnea to spy out this land. I brought an honest report back to him. 8The men who went with me, however, made our people afraid. But I faithfully obeyed the LORD my God. 9
Because I did, Moses promised me that my children and I would certainly receive as our possession the land which I walked over. 10But now, look. It has been 45 years since the LORD said that to Moses. That was when Israel was going through the desert, and the LORD, as he promised, has kept me alive ever since. Look at me! I am 85 years old 11and I'm just as strong today as I was when Moses sent me out. I am still strong enough for war or for anything else. 12Now then, give me the hill country that the LORD promised me on that day when my men and I reported. We told you then that the race of giants called the Anakim were there in large walled cities. Maybe the LORD will be with me, and I will drive them out, just as the LORD said.”
13Joshua blessed Caleb son of Jephunneh and gave him the city of Hebron as his possession. 14Hebron still belongs to the descendants of Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, because he faithfully obeyed the LORD, the God of Israel. 15Before this, Hebron was called the city of Arba. (Arba had been the greatest of the Anakim.)
There was now peace in the land.
151The families of the tribe of Judah received a part of the land described as follows:
The land reached south to the southernmost point of the wilderness of Zin, at the border of Edom. 2This southern border ran from the south end of the Dead Sea, 3went southwards from the Akrabbim Pass and on to Zin. It ran south of Kadesh Barnea, past Hezron and up to Addar, turned towards Karka, 4went on to Azmon, and followed the stream on the border of Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea, where the border ended. That was the southern border of Judah.
5The eastern border was the Dead Sea, all the way up to the inlet where the Jordan empties into it.
The northern border began there, 6extended up to Beth Hoglah, and went north of the ridge overlooking the Jordan Valley. Then it went up to the Stone of Bohan (Bohan was a son of Reuben), 7from Trouble Valley up to Debir, and then turned north towards Gilgal, which faces Adummim Pass on the south side of the valley. It then went on to the springs of Enshemesh, out to Enrogel, 8and up through the Valley of Hinnom on the south side of the hill where the Jebusite city of Jerusalem was located. The border then proceeded up to the top of the hill on the west side of the Valley of Hinnom, at the northern end of the Valley of Rephaim. 9From there it went to the Springs of Nephtoah and out to the cities near Mount Ephron. There it turned towards Baalah (or Kiriath Jearim), 10where it circled west of Baalah towards the hill country of Edom, went on the north side of Mount Jearim (or Chesalon), down to Beth Shemesh, and on past Timnah. 11The border then went out to the hill north of Ekron, turned towards Shikkeron, past Mount Baalah, and on to Jamnia. It ended at the Mediterranean Sea, 12which formed the western border.
Within these borders lived the people of the families of Judah.
As the LORD commanded Joshua, part of the territory of Judah was given to Caleb son of Jephunneh, from the tribe of Judah. He received Hebron, the city belonging to Arba, father of Anak. 14Caleb drove the descendants of Anak out of the city — the clans of Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai. 15From there he went to attack the people living in Debir. (This city used to be called Kiriath Sepher.) 16Caleb said, “I will give my daughter Achsah in marriage to the man who succeeds in capturing Kiriath Sepher.” 17Othniel, the son of Caleb's brother Kenaz, captured the city, so Caleb gave him his daughter Achsah in marriage. 18On the wedding day Othniel urged her15.18 Probable text (see Judg 1.14) Othniel urged her; Hebrew she urged Othniel. to ask her father for a field. She got down from her donkey, and Caleb asked her what she wanted. 19She answered, “I want some pools of water. The land you have given me is in the dry country.” So Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.
20This is the land that the families of the tribe of Judah received as their possession. 21The cities farthest south that belonged to them, those that were near the border of Edom, were Kabzeel, Eder, Jagur, 22Kinah, Dimonah, Adadah, 23Kedesh, Hazor, Ithnan, 24Ziph, Telem, Bealoth, 25Hazor Hadattah, Kerioth Hezron (or Hazor), 26Amam, Shema, Moladah, 27Hazar Gaddah, Heshmon, Bethpelet, 28Hazar Shual, Beersheba, Biziothiah, 29Baalah, Iim, Ezem, 30Eltolad, Chesil, Hormah, 31Ziklag, Madmannah, Sansannah, 32Lebaoth, Shilhim, Ain, and Rimmon: 29 cities in all, along with the towns round them.
33The cities in the foothills were Eshtaol, Zorah, Ashnah, 34Zanoah, Engannim, Tappuah, Enam, 35Jarmuth, Adullam, Socoh, Azekah, 36Shaaraim, Adithaim, Gederah, and Gederothaim: fourteen cities, along with the towns round them.
37There were also Zenan, Hadashah, Migdalgad, 38Dilean, Mizpah, Joktheel, 39Lachish, Bozkath, Eglon, 40Cabbon, Lahmam, Chitlish, 41Gederoth, Bethdagon, Naamah, and Makkedah: sixteen cities, along with the towns round them.
42There were also Libnah, Ether, Ashan, 43Iphtah, Ashnah, Nezib, 44Keilah, Achzib, and Mareshah: nine cities, along with the towns round them.
45There was Ekron with its towns and villages, 46and all the cities and towns near Ashdod, from Ekron to the Mediterranean Sea.
47There were Ashdod and Gaza, with their towns and villages, reaching to the stream on the border of Egypt and the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
48In the hill country there were Shamir, Jattir, Socoh, 49Dannah, Kiriath Sepher (or Debir), 50Anab, Eshtemoa, Anim, 51Goshen, Holon, and Giloh: eleven cities, along with the towns round them.
52There were Arab, Dumah, Eshan, 53Janim, Beth Tappuah, Aphekah, 54Humtah, Hebron, and Zior: nine cities, along with the towns round them.
55There were Maon, Carmel, Ziph, Juttah, 56Jezreel, Jokdeam, Zanoah, 57Kain, Gibeah, and Timnah: ten cities, along with the towns round them.
58There were Halhul, Bethzur, Gedor, 59Maarath, Bethanoth, and Eltekon: six cities, along with the towns round them.
60There were Kiriath Baal (or Kiriath Jearim) and Rabbah: two cities, along with the towns round them.
61In the desert there were Beth Arabah, Middin, Secacah, 62Nibshan, the city of Salt, and Engedi: six cities, along with the towns round them.
But the people of Judah were not able to drive out the Jebusites, who lived in Jerusalem. The Jebusites still live there with the people of Judah.