Good News Translation (GNB)
20

The Ten Commandments

(Deut 5.1–21)

201God spoke, and these were his words: 2“I am the LORD your God who brought you out of Egypt, where you were slaves.

3“Worship no god but me.

4

20.4–5:
Ex 34.17
Lev 19.4
26.1
Deut 4.15–18
27.15
“Do not make for yourselves images of anything in heaven or on earth or in the water under the earth. 5
20.5–6:
Ex 34.6–7
Num 14.18
Deut 7.9–10
Do not bow down to any idol or worship it, because I am the LORD your God and I tolerate no rivals. I bring punishment on those who hate me and on their descendants down to the third and fourth generation. 6But I show my love to thousands of generations20.6 thousands of generations; or thousands. of those who love me and obey my laws.

7

20.7:
Lev 19.12
“Do not use my name for evil purposes, for I, the LORD your God, will punish anyone who misuses my name.

8

20.8:
Ex 16.23–30
31.12–14
“Observe the Sabbath and keep it holy. 9
20.9–10:
Ex 23.12
31.15
34.21
35.2
Lev 23.3
You have six days in which to do your work, 10but the seventh day is a day of rest dedicated to me. On that day no one is to work — neither you, your children, your slaves, your animals, nor the foreigners who live in your country. 11
20.11:
Gen 2.1–3
Ex 31.17
In six days I, the LORD, made the earth, the sky, the sea, and everything in them, but on the seventh day I rested. That is why I, the LORD, blessed the Sabbath and made it holy.

12

20.12:
Deut 27.16
Mt 15.4
19.19
Mk 7.10
10.19
Lk 18.20
Eph 6.2,3
“Respect your father and your mother, so that you may live a long time in the land that I am giving you.

13

20.13:
Gen 9.6
Lev 24.17
Mt 5.21
19.18
Mk 10.19
Lk 18.20
Rom 13.9
Jas 2.11
“Do not commit murder.

14

20.14:
Lev 20.10
Mt 5.27
19.18
Mk 10.19
Lk 18.20
Rom 13.9
Jas 2.11
“Do not commit adultery.

15

20.15:
Lev 19.11
Mt 19.18
Mk 10.19
Lk 18.20
Rom 13.9
“Do not steal.

16

20.16:
Ex 23.1
Mt 19.18
Mk 10.19
Lk 18.20
“Do not accuse anyone falsely.

17

20.17:
Rom 7.7
13.9
“Do not desire another man's house; do not desire his wife, his slaves, his cattle, his donkeys, or anything else that he owns.”

The People's Fear

(Deut 5.22–33)

18

20.18–19:
Heb 12.18–19
When the people heard the thunder and the trumpet blast and saw the lightning and the smoking mountain, they trembled with fear and stood a long way off. 19They said to Moses, “If you speak to us, we will listen; but we are afraid that if God speaks to us, we will die.”

20Moses replied, “Don't be afraid; God has only come to test you and make you keep on obeying him, so that you will not sin.” 21But the people continued to stand a long way off, and only Moses went near the dark cloud where God was.

Laws about Altars

22The LORD commanded Moses to say to the Israelites: “You have seen how I, the LORD, have spoken to you from heaven. 23Do not make for yourselves gods of silver or gold to be worshipped in addition to me. 24Make an altar of earth for me, and on it sacrifice your sheep and your cattle as offerings to be completely burnt and as fellowship offerings. In every place that I set aside for you to worship me, I will come to you and bless you. 25

20.25:
Deut 27.5–7
Josh 8.31
If you make an altar of stone for me, do not build it out of cut stones, because when you use a chisel on stones, you make them unfit for my use. 26Do not build an altar for me with steps leading up to it; if you do, you will expose yourselves as you go up the steps.

21

The Treatment of Slaves

(Deut 15.12–18)

211“Give the Israelites the following laws: 2

21.2–6:
Lev 25.39–46
If you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve you for six years. In the seventh year he is to be set free without having to pay anything. 3If he was unmarried when he became your slave, he is not to take a wife with him when he leaves; but if he was married when he became your slave, he may take his wife with him. 4If his master gave him a wife and she bore him sons or daughters, the woman and her children belong to the master, and the man shall leave by himself. 5But if the slave declares that he loves his master, his wife, and his children and does not want to be set free, 6then his master shall take him to the place of worship. There he is to make him stand against the door or the doorpost and pierce his ear. Then he will be his slave for life.

7“If a man sells his daughter as a slave, she is not to be set free, as male slaves are. 8If she is sold to someone who intends to make her his wife, but he doesn't like her, then she is to be sold back to her father; her master cannot sell her to foreigners, because he has treated her unfairly. 9If a man buys a female slave to give to his son, he is to treat her like a daughter. 10If a man takes a second wife, he must continue to give his first wife the same amount of food and clothing and the same rights that she had before. 11If he does not fulfil these duties to her, he must set her free and not receive any payment.

Laws about Violent Acts

12

21.12:
Lev 24.17
“Whoever hits someone and kills him is to be put to death. 13
21.13:
Num 35.10–34
Deut 19.1–13
Josh 20.1–9
But if it was an accident and he did not mean to kill him, he can escape to a place which I will choose for you, and there he will be safe. 14But when anyone gets angry and deliberately kills someone else, he is to be put to death, even if he has run to my altar for safety.

15“Whoever hits his father or his mother is to be put to death.

16

21.16:
Deut 24.7
“Whoever kidnaps someone, either to sell him or to keep him as a slave, is to be put to death.

17

21.17:
Lev 20.9
Mt 15.4
Mk 7.10
“Whoever curses his father or his mother is to be put to death.

18-19“If there is a fight and one person hits another with a stone or with their fist, but does not kill them, they are not to be punished. If the one who was hit has to stay in bed, but later is able to get up and walk outside with the help of a stick, the one who hit them is to pay for their lost time and take care of them until they get well.

20“If a slave owner takes a stick and beats his slave, whether male or female, and the slave dies on the spot, the slave owner is to be punished. 21But if the slave does not die for a day or two, the master is not to be punished. The loss of his property is punishment enough.

22“If some men are fighting and hurt a pregnant woman so that she loses her child, but she is not injured in any other way, the one who hurt her is to be fined whatever amount the woman's husband demands, subject to the approval of the judges. 23But if the woman herself is injured, the punishment shall be life for life, 24

21.24:
Lev 24.19–20
Deut 19.21
Mt 5.38
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

26“If someone hits his male or female slave in the eye and puts it out, he is to free the slave as payment for the eye. 27If he knocks out a tooth, he is to free the slave as payment for the tooth.

The Responsibility of Owners

28“If a bull gores someone to death, it is to be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten; but its owner is not to be punished. 29But if the bull had been in the habit of attacking people and its owner had been warned, but did not keep it penned up — then if it gores someone to death, it is to be stoned, and its owner is to be put to death also. 30However, if the owner is allowed to pay a fine to save his life, he must pay the full amount required. 31If the bull kills a boy or a girl, the same rule applies. 32If the bull kills a male or female slave, its owner shall pay the owner of the slave thirty pieces of silver, and the bull shall be stoned to death.

33“If someone takes the cover off a pit or if he digs one and does not cover it, and a bull or a donkey falls into it, 34he must pay for the animal. He is to pay the money to the owner and may keep the dead animal. 35If someone's bull kills someone else's bull, the two of them shall sell the live bull and divide the money; they shall also divide up the meat from the dead animal. 36But if it was known that the bull had been in the habit of attacking and its owner did not keep it penned up, he must make good the loss by giving the other man a live bull, but he may keep the dead animal.

22

Laws about Repayment

221“If someone steals a cow or a sheep and kills it or sells it, he must pay five cows for one cow and four sheep for one sheep. 2-4He must pay for what he stole. If he owns nothing, he shall be sold as a slave to pay for what he has stolen. If the stolen animal, whether a cow, a donkey, or a sheep, is found alive in his possession, he shall pay two for one.

“If a thief is caught breaking into a house at night and is killed, the one who killed him is not guilty of murder. But if it happens during the day, he is guilty of murder.

5“If someone lets his animals graze in a field or a vineyard and they stray away and eat up the crops22.5 Ifcrops; or If someone burns off a field or a vineyard, and lets the fire get out of control and burn up the crops. growing in someone else's field, he must make good the loss with the crops from his own fields or vineyards.

6“If someone starts a fire in his own field and it spreads through the weeds to someone else's field and burns up corn that is growing or that has been cut and stacked, the one who started the fire is to pay for the damage.

7“If anyone agrees to keep someone else's money or other valuables for him and they are stolen from his house, the thief, if found, shall repay double. 8But if the thief is not found, the one who was keeping the valuables is to be brought to the place of worship and there he must take an oath that he has not stolen the other one's property.

9“In every case of a dispute about property, whether it involves cattle, donkeys, sheep, clothing, or any other lost object, the two people claiming the property shall be taken to the place of worship. The one whom God declares to be guilty shall pay double to the other one.

10“If someone agrees to keep a neighbour's donkey, cow, sheep, or other animal for him, and the animal dies or is injured or is carried off in a raid, and if there was no witness, 11the man must go to the place of worship and take an oath that he has not stolen the other man's animal. If the animal was not stolen, the owner shall accept the loss, and the other man need not repay him; 12but if the animal was stolen, the man must repay the owner. 13If it was killed by wild animals, the man is to bring the remains as evidence; he need not pay for what has been killed by wild animals.

14“If anyone borrows an animal from someone else and it is injured or dies when its owner is not present, he must pay for it. 15But if that happens when the owner is present, he need not repay. If it is a hired animal, the loss is covered by the hiring charge.

Moral and Religious Laws

16

22.16–17:
Deut 22.28–29
“If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, he must pay the bride price for her and marry her. 17But if her father refuses to let him marry her, he must pay the father a sum of money equal to the bride price for a virgin.

18

22.18:
Deut 18.10,11
“Put to death any woman who practises magic.

19

22.19:
Lev 18.23
20.15–16
Deut 27.21
“Put to death any man who has sexual relations with an animal.

20

22.20:
Deut 17.2–7
“Condemn to death anyone who offers sacrifices to any god except to me, the LORD.

21

22.21–22:
Ex 23.9
Lev 19.33–34
Deut 24.17–18
27.19
“Do not ill-treat or oppress a foreigner; remember that you were foreigners in Egypt. 22Do not ill-treat any widow or orphan. 23If you do, I, the LORD, will answer them when they cry out to me for help, 24and I will be angry and kill you in war. Your wives will become widows, and your children will be fatherless.

25

22.25:
Lev 25.35–38
Deut 15.7–11
23.19–20
“If you lend money to any of my people who are poor, do not act like a moneylender and require him to pay interest. 26
22.26–27:
Deut 24.10–13
If you take someone's cloak as a pledge that he will pay you, you must give it back to him before the sun sets, 27because it is the only covering he has to keep him warm. What else can he sleep in? When he cries out to me for help, I will answer him because I am merciful.

28

22.28:
Acts 23.5
“Do not speak evil of God,22.28 God; or the judges. and do not curse a leader of your people.

29“Give me the offerings from your corn, your wine, and your olive oil when they are due.

“Give me your firstborn sons. 30Give me the firstborn of your cattle and your sheep. Let the firstborn male stay with its mother for seven days, and on the eighth day offer it to me.

31

22.31:
Lev 17.15
“You are my people, so you must not eat the meat of any animal that has been killed by wild animals; instead, give it to the dogs.