81Some time later King David attacked the Philistines again, defeated them, and ended their control over the land.8.1 Probable text over the land; Hebrew unclear.
2Then he defeated the Moabites. He made the prisoners lie down on the ground and put two out of every three of them to death. So the Moabites became his subjects and paid taxes to him.
3Then he defeated the king of the Syrian state of Zobah, Hadadezer son of Rehob, as Hadadezer was on his way to restore his control over the territory by the upper Euphrates. 4David captured 1,700 of his horsemen and 20,000 of his foot soldiers. He kept enough horses for a hundred chariots and crippled all the rest.
5When the Syrians of Damascus sent an army to help King Hadadezer, David attacked it and killed 22,000 men. 6Then he set up military camps in8.6 set up military camps in; or placed military commanders over. their territory, and they became his subjects and paid taxes to him. The LORD made David victorious everywhere. 7David captured the gold shields carried by Hadadezer's officials and took them to Jerusalem. 8He also took a great quantity of bronze from Betah and Berothai, cities ruled by Hadadezer.
9King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated all of Hadadezer's army. 10So he sent his son Joram to greet King David and congratulate him on his victory over Hadadezer, against whom Toi had fought many times. Joram took David presents made of gold, silver, and bronze. 11King David dedicated them for use in worship, along with the silver and gold he took from the nations he had conquered — 12Edom, Moab, Ammon, Philistia, and Amalek — as well as part of the loot he had taken from Hadadezer.
David became even more famous when he returned from killing 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 14He set up military camps8.14 set up military camps; or placed military commanders. throughout Edom, and the people there became his subjects. The LORD made David victorious everywhere.
15David ruled over all Israel and made sure that his people were always treated fairly and justly. 16Joab, whose mother was Zeruiah, was the commander of the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was in charge of the records; 17Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Seraiah was the court secretary; 18Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in charge of8.18 Some ancient translations was in charge of; Hebrew does not have these words. David's bodyguard and David's sons were priests.