51After this, the heads of clans were chosen, tribe by tribe, to go to Jerusalem with their wives, children, slaves, and animals. 2Darius sent a thousand cavalry troops to escort them safely back to Jerusalem. 3He sent them off to the music of drums and flutes, while all their fellow-Israelites danced for joy.
4These are the names, by tribes, clans, and families, of the men who returned: 5Among the priests, descendants of Phinehas son of Aaron, was Joshua, son of Jozadak and grandson of Seraiah. He was accompanied by Zerubbabel,5.5 Probable text He was accompanied by Zerubbabel; Greek and Joakim son of Zerubbabel. who was the son of Shealtiel of the family of David, of the line of Perez, of the tribe of Judah. 6He was the one who had spoken the wise words before Darius, emperor of Persia. They left Babylon in the second year of his reign in Nisan, the first month.
7These are the Jewish men who returned from exile. Their families had been living in Babylonia since King Nebuchadnezzar had taken them there as prisoners. 8They returned to Jerusalem and the rest of Judah, each to his own home town. Their leaders were Zerubbabel, Joshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Resaiah, Eneneus, Mordecai, Beelsarus, Aspharasus, Reeliah, Rehum, and Baanah.
9-17aThe following is a list of the clans of Israel, with the number of those from each clan who returned with their leaders from exile:
Parosh — 2,172
Shephatiah — 472
Arah — 756
Pahath Moab (descendants of Jeshua and Joab) — 2,812
Elam — 1,254
Zattu — 945
Chorbe — 705
Bani — 648
Bebai — 623
Azgad — 1,322
Adonikam — 667
Bigvai — 2,066
Adin — 454
Ater (also called Hezekiah) — 92
Kilan and Azetas — 67
Azaru — 432
Annias — 101
Arom — …
Bezai — 323
Arsiphurith — 112
Baiterus — 3,005
17b-23People whose ancestors had lived in the following towns also returned:
Bethlehem — 123
Netophah — 55
Anathoth — 158
Beth Azmaveth — 42
Kiriath Jearim — 25
Chephirah and Beeroth — 743
The towns of the Chadiasans and the Ammidians — 422
Ramah and Geba — 621
Michmash — 122
Bethel — 52
Magbish — 156
The other Elam and Ono — 725
Jericho — 345
Senaah — 3,330
24-25The following is the list of the priestly clans that returned from exile:
Jedaiah (descendants of Jeshua and Anasib) — 972
Immer — 1,052
Pashhur — 1,247
Harim — 1,017
26-28Clans of Levites who returned from exile:
Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bannas, and Sudias — 74
Temple musicians (descendants of Asaph) — 128
Temple guards (descendants of Shallum, Ater, Talmon, Akkub, Hatita, and Shobai) — 139
29-32Clans of Temple workmen who returned from exile:
Esau, Hasupha, Tabbaoth,
Keros, Siaha, Padon,
Lebanah, Hagabah, Akkub,
Uthai, Ketab, Hagab,
Shamlai, Hanan, Cathua,
Geddur, Jairus, Daisan,
Noeba, Chaseba, Gazera,
Uzza, Phinoe, Asara,
Besai, Asnah, Meunim,
Nephisim, Akub, Hakupha,
Asur, Pharakim, Bazluth,
Mehida, Cutha, Charea,
Barkos, Sisera, Temah,
33-34Clans of Solomon's servants who returned from exile:
Hassophereth, Peruda, Jaalah,
Lozon, Giddel, Shephatiah,
Agia, Phochereth Hazzebaim,
Sarothie, Masiah, Gas,
Addus, Subas, Apherra,
Barodis, Shaphat, Adlon.
35The total number of descendants of the Temple workmen and of Solomon's servants who returned from exile was 372.
36-37There were 652 belonging to the clans of Delaiah (descendants of Tobiah) and Nekoda who returned from the towns of Tel Melah and Tel Harsha, with their leaders Cherub, Addan, and Immer; but these could not prove that they were descendants of the Israelites.
38-39The following clans, who claimed to be priestly clans, could find no record to prove their ancestry: Habaiah, Hakkoz, Jaddus (the ancestor of the clan of Jaddus had married Agia, one of the daughters of Barzillai, and had taken the name of his father-in-law's clan). Since they were unable to prove who their ancestors were, they were not allowed to function as priests. 40
Nehemiah the governor5.40 probable meaning the governor; Greek and Attharius. told them that they could not eat the food offered to God until there was a High Priest who could use the Revelation and Truth.5.40 REVELATION AND TRUTH: This is the Greek translation of Urim and Thummin, two objects used by priests to determine God's will; it is not known precisely how they were used.
41-43The total number of Israelites (twelve years old or older, not counting servants) — 42,360
Male and female servants — 7,337
Male and female musicians — 245
Camels — 435
Horses — 7,036
Mules — 245
Donkeys — 5,525
44When the exiles arrived at the place of God's Temple in Jerusalem, some of the leaders of the clans took a vow to rebuild the Temple on its old site, to the best of their ability. 45They promised to contribute for the rebuilding and the service of the Temple 500 kilogrammes of gold, 2.5 tonnes of silver, and 100 robes for priests.
The priests, the Levites, and some of the people settled in or near Jerusalem; the musicians and the Temple guards settled in nearby towns; and the rest of the Israelites settled in the towns where their ancestors had lived.
47By the seventh month the people of Israel were all settled in their towns. Then they all assembled in the open square in front of the first gate on the east side of the Temple area. 48Joshua son of Jehozadak, his fellow-priests, and Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, together with his relatives, prepared the altar of the God of Israel, 49so that they could burn sacrifices on it according to the instructions written in the Law of Moses, the man of God. 50Some of the local people, even though they were stronger than the Jews and opposed to them, joined them5.50 Some of… joined them; Greek unclear. in rebuilding the altar where it had stood before. Then the Jews began once again to burn the regular morning and evening sacrifices on the altar. 51They celebrated the Festival of Shelters, according to the regulations, each day offering the sacrifices required for that day. 52
They also offered the normal daily sacrifices, as well as those required for the Sabbath, the New Moon Festival, and the other regular assemblies for worship. 53Although the people had not yet rebuilt God's Temple, everyone who had made a vow to God began to offer sacrifices on the first day of the seventh month.
54The people gave money to pay the stonemasons and the carpenters; they gave food, drink, 55and carts to be sent to the cities of Tyre and Sidon in exchange for cedar logs from Lebanon, which were to be floated to the harbour at Joppa. All this was done according to the orders given by Cyrus, emperor of Persia.
56-57So in the second month of the year after they came back to the site of the Temple in Jerusalem, they started the work and began laying the foundation. Zerubbabel, Joshua, and the rest of their fellow-Israelites, the priests, and the Levites — in fact, all the exiles who had come back to Jerusalem, joined in the work. 58The Levites twenty years of age or older were put in charge of rebuilding the Temple for the Lord. The Levite Jeshua and his sons and relatives, his brother Kadmiel, the sons of Jeshua Emadabun, the sons of Joda son of Iliadun, and all their sons and relatives — in fact, all the Levites joined together to take charge of the rebuilding of the Temple.
While the workers were building the Temple of the Lord, 59
the priests in their robes took their places with trumpets and other musical instruments in their hands, and the Levites of the clan of Asaph stood there with cymbals. 60They praised the Lord and gave thanks to him according to the instructions handed down from the time of King David. 61
They sang psalms praising the Lord, repeating the refrain: “The goodness of the Lord and his glorious presence are with all Israel for ever.” 62All the people blew trumpets and shouted with all their might, praising the Lord because the Temple was being rebuilt. 63Some of the older priests, Levites, and heads of clans had seen the first Temple, and when they came and saw the building of this Temple, they cried and wailed. 64Others who were there blew trumpets and shouted for joy. 65The crowd blew the trumpets so loudly that the blast could be heard far away, but no one near by could hear the blast of the trumpets because the sound made by those who were crying and wailing was so loud.
66The enemies of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin heard the sound of the trumpets and came to see what it meant. 67
When they learnt that those who had returned from exile were rebuilding the Temple of the Lord, the God of Israel, 68they went to Zerubbabel, Joshua, and the heads of the clans, and said, “Let us join you in building the Temple. 69We worship the same Lord you worship and we have been offering sacrifices to him ever since Esarhaddon,5.69 ESARHADDON: Greek Asbasareth. emperor of Assyria, sent us here to live.”
70Zerubbabel, Joshua, and the heads of clans said to them, “We don't need your help in building the Temple for the Lord our God. 71We will build it ourselves, just as Cyrus, emperor of Persia, commanded us.”
72Then the people who had been living in the land began to harass5.72 Probable text harass; Greek unclear. the Jews; they cut off their supplies and kept them from building. 73These people plotted, agitated, and rioted so much that they prevented the Temple from being completed during the reign of Cyrus. The work was halted until Darius became emperor, two years later.