Good News Translation (GNB)
4

The Descendants of Judah

41These are some of the descendants of Judah: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. 2Shobal was the father of Reaiah, who was the father of Jahath, the father of Ahumai and Lahad, the ancestors of the people who lived in Zorah.

3-4Hur was the eldest son of his father Caleb's wife Ephrath, and his descendants founded the city of Bethlehem. Hur had three sons: Etam, Penuel, and Ezer. Etam had three sons:4.3–4 Some ancient translations sons; Hebrew fathers. Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash, and one daughter, Hazzelelponi. Penuel founded the city of Gedor, and Ezer founded Hushah.

5Ashhur, who founded the town of Tekoa, had two wives, Helah and Naarah. 6He and Naarah had four sons: Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. 7Ashhur and Helah had three sons: Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan.

8Koz was the father of Anub and Zobebah, and the ancestor of the clans descended from Aharhel son of Harum.

9There was a man named Jabez, who was the most respected member of his family. His mother had given him the name Jabez,4.9 Jabez: This name sounds like the Hebrew for “pain”. because his birth had been very painful. 10But Jabez prayed to the God of Israel, “Bless me, God, and give me much land. Be with me and keep me from anything evil that might cause me pain.” And God gave him what he prayed for.

Other Family Lists

11Caleb, the brother of Shuhah, had a son, Mehir. Mehir was the father of Eshton, 12who had three sons: Bethrapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah. Tehinnah was the founder of the city of Nahash. The descendants of these men lived in Recah.

13Kenaz had two sons, Othniel and Seraiah. Othniel also had two sons, Hathath and Meonothai.4.13 Some ancient translations Meonothai; Hebrew does not have this name. 14Meonothai was the father of Ophrah.

Seraiah was the father of Joab, the founder of the Valley of Craftsmen, where all the people were skilled workmen.

15Caleb son of Jephunneh had three sons: Iru, Elah, and Naam. And Elah was the father of Kenaz.

16Jehallelel had four sons: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel.

17-18Ezrah had four sons: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. Mered married Bithiah, a daughter of the king of Egypt, and they had a daughter, Miriam, and two sons, Shammai and Ishbah. Ishbah founded the town of Eshtemoa. Mered also married a woman from the tribe of Judah, and they had three sons: Jered, who founded the town of Gedor; Heber, founder of the town of Soco; and Jekuthiel, founder of the town of Zanoah.

19Hodiah married the sister of Naham. Their descendants founded the clan of Garm, which lived in the town of Keilah, and the clan of Maacath, which lived in the town of Eshtemoa.4.19 Verse 19 in Hebrew is unclear.

20Shimon had four sons: Amnon, Rinnah, Benhanan, and Tilon.

Ishi had two sons: Zoheth and Benzoheth.

The Descendants of Shelah

21Shelah was one of Judah's sons. His descendants included Er, who founded the town of Lecah; Laadah, founder of the town of Mareshah; the clan of linen weavers, who lived in the town of Beth Ashbea; 22Jokim and the people who lived in the town of Cozeba; and Joash and Saraph, who married Moabite women and then settled in Bethlehem.4.22 Probable text settled in Bethlehem; Hebrew unclear. (These traditions are very old.) 23They were potters in the service of the king and lived in the towns of Netaim and Gederah.

The Descendants of Simeon

24Simeon had five sons: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul. 25Shaul's son was Shallum, his grandson was Mibsam, and his great-grandson was Mishma. 26Then from Mishma the line descended through Hammuel, Zaccur, and Shimei. 27Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters, but his relatives had fewer children, and the tribe of Simeon did not grow as much as the tribe of Judah did.

28

4.28–33:
Josh 19.2–8
Down to the time of King David the descendants of Simeon lived in the following towns: Beersheba, Moladah, Hazarshual, 29Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, 30Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, 31Beth Marcaboth, Hazarsusim, Bethbiri, and Shaaraim. 32They also lived in five other places: Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, 33and the surrounding villages, as far south-west as the town of Baalath. These are the records which they kept of their families and of the places where they lived.

34-38The following men were the heads of their clans:

Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah son of Amaziah, Joel,

Jehu (the son of Joshibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel),

Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah,

Ziza (the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, a descendant of Jedaiah, Shimri, and Shemaiah).

Because their families continued to grow, 39they spread out westwards almost to Gerar4.39 Some ancient translations Gerar; Hebrew Gedor. and pastured their sheep on the eastern side of the valley in which that city is located. 40They found plenty of fertile pasture lands there in a stretch of open country that was quiet and peaceful. The people who had lived there before were Hamites.

41In the time of King Hezekiah of Judah, the men named above went to Gerar and destroyed the tents and huts of the people who lived there.4.41 the tents and hutsthere; or the tents of the people who lived there, and the Meunites also. They drove the people out and settled there permanently because there was plenty of pasture for their sheep. 42500 other members of the tribe of Simeon went east to Edom. They were led by the sons of Ishi: Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel. 43There they killed the surviving Amalekites, and they have lived there ever since.

5

The Descendants of Reuben

51

5.1:
Gen 35.22
49.3–4
These are the descendants of Reuben, the eldest of Jacob's sons. (Because he had intercourse with one of his father's concubines, he lost the rights belonging to the firstborn son, and those rights were given to Joseph. 2
5.2:
Gen 49.8–10
It was the tribe of Judah, however, that became the strongest and provided a ruler for all the tribes.) 3Reuben, the eldest of Jacob's sons, had four sons: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

4-6

5.6:
2 Kgs 15.29
These are the descendants of Joel from generation to generation: Shemaiah, Gog, Shimei, Micah, Reaiah, Baal, and Beerah. The Assyrian emperor, Tiglath Pileser, captured Beerah, a leader of the tribe, and deported him.

7The family records list the following clan leaders in the tribe of Reuben: Jeiel, Zechariah, 8and Bela, the son of Azaz and grandson of Shema, of the clan of Joel. This clan lived in Aroer and in the territory from there north to Nebo and Baal Meon. 9They had large herds in the land of Gilead, and so they occupied the land as far east as the desert that stretches all the way to the River Euphrates.

10In the time of King Saul the tribe of Reuben attacked the Hagrites, killed them in battle, and occupied their land in the eastern part of Gilead.

The Descendants of Gad

11The tribe of Gad lived to the north of Reuben in the land of Bashan as far east as Salecah. 12Joel was the founder of the leading clan, and Shapham of the second most important clan. Janai and Shaphat were founders of other clans in Bashan. 13The other members of the tribe belonged to the following seven clans: Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jacan, Zia, and Eber. 14They were descendants of Abihail son of Huri, whose ancestors were traced back as follows: Abihail, Huri, Jaroah, Gilead, Michael, Jeshishai, Jahdo, Buz. 15Ahi, the son of Abdiel and grandson of Guni, was head of these clans. 16They lived in the territory of Bashan and Gilead, in the towns there and all over the pasture lands of Sharon. 17(These records were compiled in the days of King Jotham of Judah and King Jeroboam II of Israel.)

The Armies of the Eastern Tribes

18In the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and East Manasseh there were 44,760 soldiers, well trained in the use of shields, swords, and bows. 19They went to war against the Hagrite tribes of Jetur, Naphish, and Nodab. 20They put their trust in God and prayed to him for help, and God answered their prayers and made them victorious over the Hagrites and their allies. 21They captured from the enemy 50,000 camels, 250,000 sheep, and 2,000 donkeys, and took 100,000 prisoners of war. 22They killed many of the enemy, because the war was God's will. And they went on living in that territory until the exile.5.22 the exile: About 733 bc the Assyrians conquered northern Israel and the Israelite territory east of the River Jordan and deported the people (see 2 Kgs 15.29).

The People of East Manasseh

23The people of East Manasseh settled in the territory of Bashan as far north as Baal Hermon, Senir, and Mount Hermon, and their population increased greatly. 24The following were the heads of their clans: Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel. They were all outstanding soldiers, well-known leaders of their clans.

The Eastern Tribes are Deported

25But the people were unfaithful to the God of their ancestors and deserted him to worship the gods of the nations whom God had driven out of the land. 26

5.26:
2 Kgs 15.19,29
17.6
So God made Emperor Pul of Assyria (also known as Tiglath Pileser) invade their country. He deported the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and East Manasseh and settled them permanently in Halah, Habor, and Hara, and by the River Gozan.

6

The Family Line of the High Priests

61Levi had three sons: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

2Kohath had four sons: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel.

3Amram had two sons, Aaron and Moses, and one daughter, Miriam.

Aaron had four sons: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

4The descendants of Eleazar from generation to generation are as follows: Phinehas, Abishua, 5Bukki, Uzzi, 6Zerahiah, Meraioth, 7Amariah, Ahitub, 8Zadok, Ahimaaz, 9Azariah, Johanan, 10Azariah (the one who served in the Temple which King Solomon built in Jerusalem), 11Amariah, Ahitub, 12Zadok, Shallum, 13Hilkiah, Azariah, 14Seraiah, Jehozadak. 15King Nebuchadnezzar deported Jehozadak along with the other people of Judah and Jerusalem whom the LORD sent into exile.

Other Descendants of Levi

16

6.16–19:
Ex 6.16–19
Levi had three sons: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 17Each of them also had sons. Gershon was the father of Libni and Shimei; 18Kohath was the father of Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel; 19and Merari was the father of Mahli and Mushi.

20These are the descendants of Gershon from generation to generation: Libni, Jahath, Zimmah, 21Joah, Iddo, Zerah, Jeatherai.

22These are the descendants of Kohath from generation to generation: Amminadab, Korah, Assir, 23Elkanah, Ebiasaph, Assir, 24Tahath, Uriel, Uzziah, Shaul.

25Elkanah had two sons, Amasai and Ahimoth. 26These are Ahimoth's descendants from generation to generation: Elkanah, Zophai, Nahath, 27Eliab, Jeroham, Elkanah.

28Samuel had two sons: Joel,6.28 Some ancient translations (see also 1 Sam 8.2) Joel; Hebrew does not have this name. the elder, and Abijah, the younger.

29These are the descendants of Merari from generation to generation: Mahli, Libni, Shimei, Uzzah, 30Shimea, Haggiah, Asaiah.

The Temple Musicians

31These are the men whom King David put in charge of the music at the place of worship in Jerusalem after the Covenant Box was moved there. 32They took regular turns of duty at the Tent of the LORD's presence during the time before King Solomon built the Temple. 33The family lines of those who held this office are as follows:

The clan of Kohath: Heman, the leader of the first choir, was the son of Joel. His family line went back to Jacob as follows: Heman, Joel, Samuel, 34Elkanah, Jeroham, Eliel, Toah, 35Zuph, Elkanah, Mahath, Amasai, 36Elkanah, Joel, Azariah, Zephaniah, 37Tahath, Assir, Ebiasaph, Korah, 38Izhar, Kohath, Levi, Jacob.

39Asaph was leader of the second choir. His family line went back to Levi as follows: Asaph, Berechiah, Shimea, 40Michael, Baaseiah, Malchijah, 41Ethni, Zerah, Adaiah, 42Ethan, Zimmah, Shimei, 43Jahath, Gershon, Levi.

44Ethan of the clan of Merari was the leader of the third choir. His family line went back to Levi as follows: Ethan, Kishi, Abdi, Malluch, 45Hashabiah, Amaziah, Hilkiah, 46Amzi, Bani, Shemer, 47Mahli, Mushi, Merari, Levi.

48The other Levites were assigned all the other duties at the place of worship.

The Descendants of Aaron

49Aaron and his descendants presented the offerings of incense and offered the sacrifices that were burnt on the altar. They were responsible for all the worship in the Most Holy Place and for the sacrifices by which God forgives Israel's sins. They did all this in accordance with the instructions given by Moses, God's servant. 50This is the line of Aaron's descendants: Eleazar, Phinehas, Abishua, 51Bukki, Uzzi, Zerahiah, 52Meraioth, Amariah, Ahitub, 53Zadok, Ahimaaz.

Where the Levites Lived

54This is the territory assigned to the descendants of Aaron of the clan of Kohath. They received the first share of the land assigned to the Levites. 55This included Hebron in the territory of Judah and the pasture lands round it. 56The fields and villages, however, that belonged to the city were assigned to Caleb son of Jephunneh. 57-59The following towns were assigned to Aaron's descendants: Hebron, a city of refuge,6.57–59 city of refuge: If anyone accidentally killed someone, he could escape to one of these cities and be safe from revenge (see Josh 20.1–9). Jattir, and the towns of Libnah, Eshtemoa, Hilen, Debir, Ashan, and Beth Shemesh, with their pasture lands. 60In the territory of Benjamin they were assigned the following towns with their pasture lands: Geba, Alemeth, and Anathoth. This made a total of thirteen towns for all their families to live in. 61Ten towns in the territory of West Manasseh were assigned by lot to the rest of the clan of Kohath, family by family.

62To the clan of Gershon, family by family, were assigned thirteen towns in the territories of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and East Manasseh in Bashan. 63In the same way, twelve towns in the territories of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun were assigned to the clan of Merari, family by family. 64In this way the people of Israel assigned towns for the Levites to live in, together with the pasture lands round the towns. 65(The towns in the territories of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin, mentioned above, were also assigned by drawing lots.)

66Some of the families of the clan of Kohath were assigned towns and pasture lands in the territory of Ephraim: 67Shechem, the city of refuge in the hills of Ephraim, Gezer, 68Jokmeam, Beth Horon, 69Aijalon, and Gath Rimmon. 70In the territory of West Manasseh they were assigned the towns of Aner and Bileam with the surrounding pasture lands.

71The families of the clan of Gershon were assigned the following towns, with the surrounding pasture lands:

In the territory of East Manasseh: Golan in Bashan, and Ashtaroth.

72In the territory of Issachar: Kedesh, Daberath, 73Ramoth, and Anem.

74In the territory of Asher: Mashal, Abdon, 75Hukok, and Rehob.

76In the territory of Naphtali: Kedesh in Galilee, Hammon, and Kiriathaim.

77The remaining families of the clan of Merari were assigned the following towns with the surrounding pasture lands:

In the territory of Zebulun: Rimmono and Tabor.

78In the territory of Reuben, east of the River Jordan beyond Jericho: Bezer on the plateau, Jahzah, 79Kedemoth, and Mephaath.

80In the territory of Gad: Ramoth in Gilead, Mahanaim, 81Heshbon, and Jazer.