21Jacob had twelve sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, 2Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
3Judah had five sons in all. By his wife Bathshua, a Canaanite, he had three sons: Er, Onan, and Shelah. His eldest son, Er, was so evil that the LORD killed him. 4By his daughter-in-law Tamar, Judah had two more sons, Perez and Zerah.
5Perez had two sons, Hezron and Hamul. 6His brother Zerah had five sons: Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Darda. 7
Achan2.7 Achan: This is his name in Josh 7.1. The Hebrew text here calls him “Achar”, which means “disaster”. son of Carmi, one of Zerah's descendants, brought disaster on the people of Israel by keeping loot that had been devoted to God.
8Ethan had one son, Azariah.
9Hezron had three sons: Jerahmeel, Ram, and Caleb.
10The family line from Ram to Jesse is as follows: Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon (a prominent man of the tribe of Judah), 11Salmon, Boaz, 12Obed, and Jesse.
13Jesse had seven sons. In order of age they were: Eliab, Abinadab, Shammah, 14Nethanel, Raddai, 15Ozem, and David. 16He also had two daughters, Zeruiah and Abigail.
Jesse's daughter Zeruiah had three sons: Abishai, Joab, and Asahel. 17His other daughter Abigail married Jether, a descendant of Ishmael, and they had a son named Amasa.
18Hezron's son Caleb married Azubah and had a daughter named Jerioth. She had2.18 Some ancient translations had a daughter… She had; Hebrew unclear. three sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. 19After the death of Azubah, Caleb married Ephrath, and they had a son named Hur. 20Hur's son was Uri, and his grandson was Bezalel.
21When Hezron was sixty years old, he married Machir's daughter, the sister of Gilead. They had a son named Segub, 22and Segub had a son named Jair. Jair ruled2.22 ruled; or owned. 23 cities in the territory of Gilead. 23But the kingdoms of Geshur and Aram conquered sixty towns there, including the villages of Jair and Kenath, and the towns near by. All the people who lived there were descendants of Machir, the father of Gilead. 24After Hezron died, his son Caleb married Ephrath, his father's widow.2.24 Some ancient translations his son… widow; Hebrew unclear. They had a son named Ashhur, who founded the town of Tekoa.
25Jerahmeel, the eldest son of Hezron, had five sons: Ram, the eldest, Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah. 26-27Ram had three sons: Maaz, Jamin, and Eker. Jerahmeel had another wife, a woman named Atarah, and they had a son, Onam. 28Onam had two sons, Shammai and Jada, and Shammai also had two sons, Nadab and Abishur.
29Abishur married a woman named Abihail, and they had two sons, Ahban and Molid. 30Abishur's brother Nadab had two sons, Seled and Appaim, but Seled died without having any sons. 31Appaim was the father of Ishi, Ishi was the father of Sheshan, and Sheshan the father of Ahlai.
32Jada, the brother of Shammai, had two sons, Jether and Jonathan, but Jether died without having any sons. 33Jonathan had two sons, Peleth and Zaza. All these were descendants of Jerahmeel.
34Sheshan had no sons, only daughters. He had an Egyptian servant named Jarha, 35to whom he gave one of his daughters in marriage. They had a son named Attai. 36The family line from Attai to Elishama is as follows: Attai, Nathan, Zabad, 37Ephlal, Obed, 38Jehu, Azariah, 39Helez, Eleasah, 40Sismai, Shallum, 41Jekamiah, and Elishama.
42The eldest son of Caleb, Jerahmeel's brother, was named Mesha. Mesha was the father of Ziph, who was the father of Mareshah, who was the father of Hebron.2.42 Probable text father of Mareshah… Hebron; Hebrew unclear. 43Hebron had four sons: Korah, Tappuah, Rekem, and Shema. 44Shema was the father of Raham and the grandfather of Jorkeam. Rekem, Shema's brother, was the father of Shammai, 45who was the father of Maon, who was the father of Bethzur.
46Caleb had a concubine named Ephah, and by her he had three more sons: Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran also had a son named Gazez.
47(A man named Jahdai had six sons: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph.)
48Caleb had another concubine, Maacah, who bore him two sons, Sheber and Tirhanah. 49Later she had two more sons: Shaaph, who founded the town of Madmannah; and Shevah, who founded the towns of Machbenah and Gibea.
In addition, Caleb had a daughter named Achsah.
50The following are also descendants of Caleb.
Hur was the eldest son of Caleb and his wife Ephrath. Hur's son Shobal founded Kiriath Jearim, 51his second son Salma founded Bethlehem, and his third son Hareph founded Bethgader.
52Shobal, the founder of Kiriath Jearim, was the ancestor of the people of Haroeh, of half the inhabitants of Menuhoth, 53and of the following clans that lived in Kiriath Jearim: the Ithrites, Puthites, Shumathites, and Mishraites. (The people of the cities of Zorah and Eshtaol were members of these clans.)
54Salma, the founder of Bethlehem, was the ancestor of the people of Netophath, of Atroth Beth Joab, and of the Zorites, who were one of the two clans in Manahath.
55(The following clans of experts in writing and copying documents lived in the town of Jabez: the Tirathites, Shimeathites, and Sucathites. They were Kenites who had intermarried with the Rechabites.)
31-3The following, in order of age, are David's sons who were born while he was in Hebron:
Amnon, whose mother was Ahinoam from Jezreel
Daniel, whose mother was Abigail from Carmel
Absalom, whose mother was Maacah, daughter of King Talmai of Geshur
Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith
Shephatiah, whose mother was Abital
Ithream, whose mother was Eglah.4
In Jerusalem he ruled as king for 33 years, 5
and many sons were born to him there.
His wife Bathsheba, daughter of Ammiel, bore him four sons: Shimea, Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon.
6He had nine other sons: Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet, 7Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, 8Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet. 9In addition to all these sons, David had sons by his concubines. He also had a daughter, Tamar.
10This is the line of King Solomon's descendants from father to son: Solomon, Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, 11Jehoram, Ahaziah, Joash, 12Amaziah, Uzziah, Jotham, 13Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, 14Amon, and Josiah. 15Josiah had four sons: Johanan, Jehoiakim, Zedekiah, and Joahaz. 16Jehoiakim had two sons: Jehoiachin and Zedekiah.
17These are the descendants of King Jehoiachin, who was taken prisoner by the Babylonians. Jehoiachin had seven sons: Shealtiel, 18Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah. 19Pedaiah had two sons, Zerubbabel and Shimei. Zerubbabel was the father of two sons, Meshullam and Hananiah, and one daughter, Shelomith. 20He had five other sons: Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab Hesed.
21Hananiah had two sons, Pelatiah and Jeshaiah. Jeshaiah was the father of Rephaiah, who was the father of Arnan, the father of Obadiah, the father of Shecaniah.3.21 Verse 21 in Hebrew is unclear. 22Shecaniah had one son, Shemaiah, and five grandsons: Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat. 23Neariah had three sons: Elioenai, Hizkiah, and Azrikam. 24Elioenai had seven sons: Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani.
41These are some of the descendants of Judah: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. 2Shobal was the father of Reaiah, who was the father of Jahath, the father of Ahumai and Lahad, the ancestors of the people who lived in Zorah.
3-4Hur was the eldest son of his father Caleb's wife Ephrath, and his descendants founded the city of Bethlehem. Hur had three sons: Etam, Penuel, and Ezer. Etam had three sons:4.3–4 Some ancient translations sons; Hebrew fathers. Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash, and one daughter, Hazzelelponi. Penuel founded the city of Gedor, and Ezer founded Hushah.
5Ashhur, who founded the town of Tekoa, had two wives, Helah and Naarah. 6He and Naarah had four sons: Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. 7Ashhur and Helah had three sons: Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan.
8Koz was the father of Anub and Zobebah, and the ancestor of the clans descended from Aharhel son of Harum.
9There was a man named Jabez, who was the most respected member of his family. His mother had given him the name Jabez,4.9 Jabez: This name sounds like the Hebrew for “pain”. because his birth had been very painful. 10But Jabez prayed to the God of Israel, “Bless me, God, and give me much land. Be with me and keep me from anything evil that might cause me pain.” And God gave him what he prayed for.
11Caleb, the brother of Shuhah, had a son, Mehir. Mehir was the father of Eshton, 12who had three sons: Bethrapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah. Tehinnah was the founder of the city of Nahash. The descendants of these men lived in Recah.
13Kenaz had two sons, Othniel and Seraiah. Othniel also had two sons, Hathath and Meonothai.4.13 Some ancient translations Meonothai; Hebrew does not have this name. 14Meonothai was the father of Ophrah.
Seraiah was the father of Joab, the founder of the Valley of Craftsmen, where all the people were skilled workmen.
15Caleb son of Jephunneh had three sons: Iru, Elah, and Naam. And Elah was the father of Kenaz.
16Jehallelel had four sons: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel.
17-18Ezrah had four sons: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. Mered married Bithiah, a daughter of the king of Egypt, and they had a daughter, Miriam, and two sons, Shammai and Ishbah. Ishbah founded the town of Eshtemoa. Mered also married a woman from the tribe of Judah, and they had three sons: Jered, who founded the town of Gedor; Heber, founder of the town of Soco; and Jekuthiel, founder of the town of Zanoah.
19Hodiah married the sister of Naham. Their descendants founded the clan of Garm, which lived in the town of Keilah, and the clan of Maacath, which lived in the town of Eshtemoa.4.19 Verse 19 in Hebrew is unclear.
20Shimon had four sons: Amnon, Rinnah, Benhanan, and Tilon.
Ishi had two sons: Zoheth and Benzoheth.
21Shelah was one of Judah's sons. His descendants included Er, who founded the town of Lecah; Laadah, founder of the town of Mareshah; the clan of linen weavers, who lived in the town of Beth Ashbea; 22Jokim and the people who lived in the town of Cozeba; and Joash and Saraph, who married Moabite women and then settled in Bethlehem.4.22 Probable text settled in Bethlehem; Hebrew unclear. (These traditions are very old.) 23They were potters in the service of the king and lived in the towns of Netaim and Gederah.
24Simeon had five sons: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul. 25Shaul's son was Shallum, his grandson was Mibsam, and his great-grandson was Mishma. 26Then from Mishma the line descended through Hammuel, Zaccur, and Shimei. 27Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters, but his relatives had fewer children, and the tribe of Simeon did not grow as much as the tribe of Judah did.
Down to the time of King David the descendants of Simeon lived in the following towns: Beersheba, Moladah, Hazarshual, 29Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, 30Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, 31Beth Marcaboth, Hazarsusim, Bethbiri, and Shaaraim. 32They also lived in five other places: Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, 33and the surrounding villages, as far south-west as the town of Baalath. These are the records which they kept of their families and of the places where they lived.
34-38The following men were the heads of their clans:
Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah son of Amaziah, Joel,
Jehu (the son of Joshibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel),
Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah,
Ziza (the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, a descendant of Jedaiah, Shimri, and Shemaiah).
Because their families continued to grow, 39they spread out westwards almost to Gerar4.39 Some ancient translations Gerar; Hebrew Gedor. and pastured their sheep on the eastern side of the valley in which that city is located. 40They found plenty of fertile pasture lands there in a stretch of open country that was quiet and peaceful. The people who had lived there before were Hamites.
41In the time of King Hezekiah of Judah, the men named above went to Gerar and destroyed the tents and huts of the people who lived there.4.41 the tents and huts… there; or the tents of the people who lived there, and the Meunites also. They drove the people out and settled there permanently because there was plenty of pasture for their sheep. 42500 other members of the tribe of Simeon went east to Edom. They were led by the sons of Ishi: Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel. 43There they killed the surviving Amalekites, and they have lived there ever since.