121David was living in Ziklag, where he had gone to escape from King Saul. There he was joined by many experienced, reliable soldiers, 2members of the tribe of Benjamin, to which Saul belonged. They could shoot arrows and sling stones either right handed or left handed. 3-7They were under the command of Ahiezer and Joash, sons of Shemaah, from Gibeah.
These were the soldiers:
Jeziel and Pelet, sons of Azmaveth
Beracah and Jehu from Anathoth
Ishmaiah from Gibeon, a famous soldier and one of the leaders of “The Thirty”
Jeremiah, Jahaziel, Johannan, and Jozabad, from Gederah
Eluzai, Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, and Shephatiah, from Hariph
Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam, of the clan of Korah
Joelah and Zebadiah, sons of Jeroham, from Gedor.
8These are the names of the famous, experienced soldiers from the tribe of Gad who joined David's troops when he was at the desert fort. They were experts with shields and spears, as fierce-looking as lions and as quick as mountain deer. 9-13They were ranked in the following order: Ezer, Obadiah, Eliab, Mishmannah, Jeremiah, Attai, Eliel, Johanan, Elzabad, Jeremiah, and Machbannai.
14Some of these men from the tribe of Gad were senior officers in command of a thousand men, and others were junior officers in command of a hundred. 15In the first month of one year, the time when the River Jordan overflowed its banks, they crossed the river, scattering the people who lived in the valleys both east and west of the river.
16Once a group of men from the tribes of Benjamin and Judah went out to the fort where David was. 17David went to meet them and said, “If you are coming as friends to help me, you are welcome here. Join us! But if you intend to betray me to my enemies, even though I have not tried to hurt you, the God of our ancestors will know it and punish you.”
18God's Spirit took control of one of them, Amasai, who later became the commander of “The Thirty”, and he called out,
“David son of Jesse, we are yours!
Success to you and those who help you!
God is on your side.”David welcomed them and made them officers in his army.
19Some soldiers from the tribe of Manasseh went over to David's side when he was marching out with the Philistines to fight King Saul. Actually he did not help the Philistines, for their kings were afraid that he would betray them to his former master Saul, so they sent him back to Ziklag. 20These are the soldiers from Manasseh who went over to David's side when he was returning: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai. In Manasseh they had all commanded units of a thousand men. 21They served David as officers over his troops,12.21 They served David… troops; or They helped David fight against the bands of raiders. because they were all outstanding soldiers. Later they were officers in the Israelite army. 22Almost every day new men joined David's forces, so that his army was soon enormous.
23-37When David was at Hebron, many trained soldiers joined his army to help make him king in place of Saul, as the LORD had promised. Their numbers were as follows:
Judah: 6,800 well-equipped men, armed with shields and spears;
Simeon: 7,100 well-trained men;
Levi: 4,600 men;
Followers of Jehoiada, descendant of Aaron: 3,700 men;
Relatives of Zadok, an able young fighter: 22 leading men;
Benjamin (Saul's own tribe): 3,000 men (most of the people of Benjamin had remained loyal to Saul);
Ephraim: 20,800 men famous in their own clans;
West Manasseh: 18,000 men chosen to go and make David king;
Issachar: 200 leaders, together with the men under their command (these leaders knew what Israel should do and the best time to do it);
Zebulun: 50,000 loyal and reliable men ready to fight, trained to use all kinds of weapons;
Naphtali: 1,000 leaders, together with 37,000 men armed with shields and spears;
Dan: 28,600 trained men;
Asher: 40,000 men ready for battle;
Tribes east of the Jordan — Reuben, Gad, and East Manasseh: 120,000 men trained to use all kinds of weapons.
38All these soldiers, ready for battle, went to Hebron, determined to make David king over all Israel. All the rest of the people of Israel were united in the same purpose. 39They spent three days there with David, feasting on the food and drink which other Israelites had prepared for them. 40From as far away as the northern tribes of Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali, people came bringing donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen loaded with food — flour, figs, raisins, wine, and olive oil. They also brought cattle and sheep to kill and eat. All this was an expression of the joy that was felt throughout the whole country.
131King David consulted with all the officers in command of units of a thousand men and units of a hundred men. 2Then he announced to all the people of Israel, “If you give your approval and if it is the will of the LORD our God, let us send messengers to the rest of our people and to the priests and Levites in their towns, and tell them to assemble here with us. 3Then we will go and fetch God's Covenant Box, which was ignored while Saul was king.” 4The people were pleased with the suggestion and agreed to it.
So David assembled the people of Israel from all over the country, from the Egyptian border in the south to Hamath Pass in the north, in order to bring the Covenant Box from Kiriath Jearim to Jerusalem. 6
David and the people went to the city of Baalah, that is, to Kiriath Jearim, in the territory of Judah, to fetch the Covenant Box of God, which bears the name of the LORD enthroned above the winged creatures. 7At Abinadab's house they brought out the Covenant Box and put it on a new cart. Uzzah and Ahio guided the cart, 8while David and all the people danced with all their might to honour God. They sang and played musical instruments — harps, drums, cymbals, and trumpets.
9As they came to the threshing place of Chidon, the oxen stumbled, and Uzzah stretched out his hand and took hold of the Covenant Box. 10At once the LORD became angry with Uzzah and killed him for touching the box. He died there in God's presence, 11and so that place has been called Perez Uzzah13.11 Perez Uzzah: This name in Hebrew means “Punishment of Uzzah”. ever since. David was furious because the LORD had punished Uzzah in anger.
12Then David was afraid of God and said, “How can I take the Covenant Box with me now?” 13So David did not take it with him to Jerusalem. Instead, he left it at the house of a man named Obed Edom, a native of the city of Gath. 14
It stayed there three months, and the LORD blessed Obed Edom's family and everything that belonged to him.
141King Hiram of Tyre sent a trade mission to David; he provided him with cedar logs and with stonemasons and carpenters to build a palace. 2And so David realized that the LORD had established him as king of Israel and was making his kingdom prosperous for the sake of his people.
3There in Jerusalem, David married more wives and had more sons and daughters. 4The following children were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, 5Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet, 6Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, 7Elishama, Beeliada,14.7 Beeliada: Called Eliada in 3.8. and Eliphelet.
8When the Philistines heard that David had now been made king over the whole country of Israel, their army went out to capture him. So David marched out to meet them. 9The Philistines arrived at the Valley of Rephaim and began plundering. 10David asked God, “Shall I attack the Philistines? Will you give me the victory?”
The LORD answered, “Yes, attack! I will give you the victory!”
11So David attacked them at Baal Perazim and defeated them. He said, “God has used me to break through the enemy army like a flood.” So that place is called Baal Perazim.14.11 Baal Perazim: This name in Hebrew means “Lord of the Breakthrough”. 12When the Philistines fled, they left their idols behind, and David gave orders for them to be burnt.
13Soon the Philistines returned to the valley and started plundering it again. 14Once more David consulted God, who answered, “Don't attack them from here, but go round and get ready to attack them from the other side, near the balsam trees. 15When you hear the sound of marching in the treetops, then attack, because I will be marching ahead of you to defeat the Philistine army.” 16David did what God had commanded, and so he drove the Philistines back from Gibeon all the way to Gezer. 17David's fame spread everywhere, and the LORD made every nation afraid of him.