Good News Translation (GNB)

The People who Returned from Captivity

91All the people of Israel were listed according to their families, and this information was recorded in The Book of the Kings of Israel.

The people of Judah had been deported to Babylon as punishment for their sins. 2

Ezra 2.27
Neh 7.73
The first to return to their property in the cities included Israelite citizens, priests, Levites, and temple workers. 3People from the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh went to live in Jerusalem.

4-6There were 690 families of the tribe of Judah who lived in Jerusalem.

The descendants of Judah's son Perez had as their leader Uthai, the son of Ammihud and grandson of Omri. His other ancestors included Imri and Bani.

The descendants of Judah's son Shelah had as their leader Asaiah, who was the head of his family.

The descendants of Judah's son Zerah had Jeuel as their leader.

7-8The following members of the tribe of Benjamin lived in Jerusalem:

Sallu son of Meshullam, who was the son of Hodaviah, the son of Hassenuah

Ibneiah son of Jeroham

Elah, the son of Uzzi and grandson of Michri

Meshullam son of Shephatiah, who was the son of Reuel, the son of Ibnijah.

9There were 956 families of this tribe living there. All the men named above were heads of families.

The Priests who Lived in Jerusalem

10-12The following priests lived in Jerusalem:

Jedaiah, Jehoiarib, and Jachin

Azariah son of Hilkiah (the chief official in the Temple), whose ancestors included Meshullam, Zadok, Meraioth, and Ahitub

Adaiah son of Jeroham, whose ancestors included Pashhur and Malchijah

Maasai son of Adiel, whose ancestors included Jahzerah, Meshullam, Meshillemith, and Immer.

13The priests who were heads of families totalled 1,760. They were experts in all the work carried on in the Temple.

The Levites who Lived in Jerusalem

14-16The following Levites lived in Jerusalem:

Shemaiah son of Hasshub, whose ancestors included Azrikam and Hashabiah, of the clan of Merari

Bakbakkar, Heresh, and Galal

Mattaniah son of Mica, whose ancestors included Zichri and Asaph

Obadiah son of Shemaiah, whose ancestors included Galal and Jeduthun

Berechiah, the son of Asa and grandson of Elkanah, who lived in the territory that belonged to the town of Netophah.

The Temple Guards who Lived in Jerusalem

17The following temple guards lived in Jerusalem: Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, and Ahiman. Shallum was their leader. 18Down to that time members of their clans had been stationed at the eastern entrance to the King's Gate.9.18 King's Gate: The east gate of the Temple, through which the king usually entered. Formerly they had stood guard at the gates to the camps of the Levites.

19Shallum, the son of Kore and grandson of Ebiasaph, together with his fellow-members of the clan of Korah, was responsible for guarding the entrance to the Tent of the LORD's presence, just as their ancestors had been when they were in charge of the LORD's camp. 20Phinehas son of Eleazar — may the LORD be with him! — had supervised them at one time.

21Zechariah son of Meshelemiah was also a guard at the entrance to the Tent of the LORD's presence.

22In all, 212 men were chosen as guards for the entrances and gates. They were registered according to the villages where they lived. It was King David and the prophet Samuel who had put their ancestors in these responsible positions. 23They and their descendants continued to guard the gates to the Temple. 24There was a gate facing in each direction, north, south, east, and west, and each had a chief guard. 25These guards were assisted by their relatives, who lived in the villages and who had to take turns at guard duty for seven days at a time. 26The four chief guards were Levites and had the final responsibility. They were also responsible for the rooms in the Temple and for the supplies kept there. 27They lived near the Temple, because it was their duty to guard it and to open the gates every morning.

The Other Levites

28Other Levites were responsible for the utensils used in worship. They checked them out and checked them back in every time they were used. 29Others were in charge of the other sacred equipment, and of the flour, wine, olive oil, incense, and spices. 30But the responsibility for mixing the spices belonged to the priests.

31A Levite named Mattithiah, eldest son of Shallum, of the clan of Korah, was responsible for preparing the baked offerings.9.31 baked offerings: Thin cakes of flour and olive oil which were baked and then presented as offerings to God (see Lev 2.4–6). 32Members of the clan of Kohath were responsible for preparing the sacred bread9.32 sacred bread: Twelve loaves of bread which were placed on a table in the Temple each Sabbath as an offering to God (see Lev 24.5–9). for the Temple every Sabbath.

33Some Levite families were responsible for the temple music. The heads of these families lived in some of the temple buildings and were free from other duties, because they were on call day and night.

34The men named above were heads of Levite families, according to their ancestral lines. They were the leaders who lived in Jerusalem.

The Ancestors and Descendants of King Saul

(1 Chr 8.29–38)

35Jeiel founded the city of Gibeon and settled there. His wife was named Maacah. 36His eldest son was Abdon, and his other sons were Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab, 37Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah, and Mikloth, 38the father of Shimeah. Their descendants lived in Jerusalem near other families of their clan.

39Ner was the father of Kish, and Kish was the father of Saul. Saul had four sons: Jonathan, Malchishua, Abinadab, and Eshbaal.9.39 Eshbaal: Called Ishbosheth in 2 Sam 2.8 and elsewhere in 2 Sam. 40Jonathan was the father of Meribbaal,9.40 Meribbaal: Called Mephibosheth in 2 Sam 4.4 and elsewhere in 2 Sam. who was the father of Micah. 41Micah had four sons: Pithon, Melech, Tarea, and Ahaz.9.41 Some ancient translations Ahaz (see 1 Chr 8.35); Hebrew does not have this name. 42Ahaz was the father of Jarah, who was the father of three sons: Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri. Zimri was the father of Moza, 43Moza the father of Binea, Binea of Rephaiah, Rephaiah of Eleasah, and Eleasah of Azel.

44Azel had six sons: Azrikam, Bocheru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan.


The Death of King Saul

(1 Sam 31.1–13)

101The Philistines fought a battle against the Israelites on Mount Gilboa. Many Israelites were killed there, and the rest of them, including King Saul and his sons, fled. 2But the Philistines caught up with them and killed three of Saul's sons, Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua. 3The fighting was heavy round Saul, and he was hit by enemy arrows and badly wounded. 4He said to the young man carrying his weapons, “Draw your sword and kill me, to keep these godless Philistines from gloating over me.” But the young man was too terrified to do it. So Saul took his own sword and threw himself on it. 5The young man saw that Saul was dead, so he too threw himself on his sword and died. 6So Saul and his three sons all died together and none of his descendants ever ruled. 7When the Israelites who lived in the Valley of Jezreel heard that the army had fled and that Saul and his sons had died, they abandoned their towns and ran off. Then the Philistines came and occupied them.

8The day after the battle, the Philistines went to plunder the corpses, and they found the bodies of Saul and his sons lying on Mount Gilboa. 9They cut off Saul's head, stripped off his armour, and sent messengers with them throughout Philistia to tell the good news to their idols and to their people. 10They put his weapons in one of their temples and hung his head in the temple of their god Dagon. 11When the people of Jabesh in Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, 12the bravest men went and fetched the bodies of Saul and his sons and took them to Jabesh. They buried them there under an oak and fasted for seven days.


Lev 19.31
1 Sam 13.8–14
Saul died because he was unfaithful to the LORD. He disobeyed the LORD's commands; he tried to find guidance by consulting the spirits of the dead 14instead of consulting the LORD. So the LORD killed him and gave control of the kingdom to David son of Jesse.


David Becomes King of Israel and Judah

(2 Sam 5.1–10)

111All the people of Israel went to David at Hebron and said to him, “We are your own flesh and blood. 2In the past, even when Saul was still our king, you led the people of Israel in battle, and the LORD your God promised you that you would lead his people and be their ruler.” 3So all the leaders of Israel came to King David at Hebron. He made a sacred alliance with them, they anointed him, and he became king of Israel, just as the LORD had promised through Samuel.


Josh 15.63
Judg 1.21
King David and all the Israelites went and attacked the city of Jerusalem. It was then known as Jebus, and the Jebusites, the original inhabitants of the land, were still living there. 5The Jebusites told David he would never get inside the city, but David captured their fortress of Zion, and it became known as “David's City”. 6David said, “The first man to kill a Jebusite will be commander of the army!” Joab, whose mother was Zeruiah, led the attack and became commander. 7Because David went to live in the fortress, it came to be called “David's City”. 8He rebuilt the city, starting at the place where land was filled in on the east side of the hill, and Joab restored the rest of the city. 9David grew stronger and stronger, because the LORD Almighty was with him.

David's Famous Soldiers

(2 Sam 23.8–39)

10This is the list of David's famous soldiers. Together with the rest of the people of Israel, they helped him to become king, as the LORD had promised, and they kept his kingdom strong.

11First was Jashobeam of the clan of Hachmon, the leader of “The Three”.11.11 One ancient translation (see also 2 Sam 23.8) “The Three”; Hebrew “The Thirty”. He fought with his spear against 300 men and killed them all in one battle. 12Next among the famous “Three” was Eleazar son of Dodo, of the clan of Ahoh. 13He fought on David's side against the Philistines at the battle of Pas Dammim. He was in a barley field when the Israelites started to run away, 14so he and his men made a stand in the middle of the field and fought the Philistines. The LORD gave him a great victory.

15One day three of the thirty leading soldiers went to a rock where David was staying near the cave of Adullam, while a band of Philistines was camping in the Valley of Rephaim. 16At that time David was on a fortified hill, and a group of Philistines had occupied Bethlehem. 17David got homesick and said, “How I wish someone would bring me a drink of water from the well by the gate in Bethlehem!” 18The three famous soldiers forced their way through the Philistine camp, drew some water from the well, and brought it back to David. But he would not drink it; instead he poured it out as an offering to the LORD 19and said, “I could never drink this! It would be like drinking the blood of these men who risked their lives!” So he refused to drink it. These were the brave deeds of the three famous soldiers.

20Joab's brother Abishai was the leader of “The Famous Thirty”.11.20 One ancient translation Thirty; Hebrew Three. He fought with his spear against 300 men and killed them, and became famous among “The Thirty”.11.20 One ancient translation (see also 2 Sam 23.18) “The Thirty”; Hebrew “The Three”. 21He was the most famous of “The Thirty”11.21 Probable text (see 2 Sam 23.19) most famous of “The Thirty”; Hebrew unclear. and became their leader, but he was not as famous as “The Three”.

22Benaiah son of Jehoiada from Kabzeel was a famous soldier; he did many brave deeds, including killing two great Moabite warriors. He once went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion. 23He also killed an Egyptian, a huge man over two metres tall, who was armed with a gigantic spear. Benaiah attacked him with a club, snatched the spear from the Egyptian's hand, and killed him with it. 24Those were the brave deeds of Benaiah, who was one of “The Thirty”.11.24 Probable text “The Thirty”; Hebrew “The Three”. 25He was outstanding among “The Thirty”, but not as famous as “The Three”. David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

26-47These are the other outstanding soldiers:

Asahel, Joab's brother

Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem

Shammoth from Harod

Helez from Pelet

Ira son of Ikkesh from Tekoa

Abiezer from Anathoth

Sibbecai from Hushah

Ilai from Ahoh

Maharai from Netophah

Heled son of Baanah from Netophah

Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah in Benjamin

Benaiah from Pirathon

Hurai from the valleys near Gaash

Abiel from Arbah

Azmaveth from Bahurum

Eliahba from Shaalbon

Hashem11.26–47 Probable text Hashem; Hebrew the sons of Hashem. from Gizon

Jonathan son of Shagee from Harar

Ahiam son of Sachar from Harar

Eliphal son of Ur

Hepher from Mecherah

Ahijah from Pelon

Hezro from Carmel

Naarai son of Ezbai

Joel brother of Nathan

Mibhar son of Hagri

Zelek from Ammon

Naharai, Joab's armour-bearer, from Beeroth

Ira and Gareb from Jattir

Uriah the Hittite

Zabad son of Ahlai

Adina son of Shiza (a leading member of the tribe of Reuben, with his own group of thirty soldiers)

Hanan son of Maacah

Joshaphat from Mithan

Uzzia from Ashterah

Shamma and Jeiel, sons of Hotham, from Aroer

Jediael and Joha, sons of Shimri, from Tiz

Eliel from Mahavah

Jeribai and Joshaviah, sons of Elnaam

Ithmah from Moab

Eliel, Obed, and Jaasiel from Zobah.11.26–47 Probable text from Zobah; Hebrew unclear.