81Now Judas had heard of the Romans, that they were mighty and valiant men, and such as would lovingly accept all that joined themselves unto them, and make a league of amity with all that came unto them;
2And that they were men of great valour. It was told him also of their wars and noble acts which they had done among the Galatians, and how they had conquered them, and brought them under tribute;
3And what they had done in the country of Spain, for the winning of the mines of the silver and gold which is there;
4And that by their policy and patience they had conquered all the place, though it were very far from them; and the kings also that came against them from the uttermost part of the earth, till they had discomfited them, and given them a great overthrow, so that the rest did give them tribute every year:
5Beside this, how they had discomfited in battle Philip, and Perseus, king of the Citims, with others that lifted up themselves against them, and had overcome them:
6How also Antiochus the great king of Asia, that came against them in battle, having an hundred and twenty elephants, with horsemen, and chariots, and a very great army, was discomfited by them;
7And how they took him alive, and covenanted that he and such as reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and give hostages, and that which was agreed upon,
8And the country of India, and Media and Lydia and of the goodliest countries, which they took of him, and gave to king Eumenes:
9Moreover how the Grecians had determined to come and destroy them;
10And that they, having knowledge thereof sent against them a certain captain, and fighting with them slew many of them, and carried away captives their wives and their children, and spoiled them, and took possession of their lands, and pulled down their strong holds, and brought them to be their servants unto this day:
11It was told him besides, how they destroyed and brought under their dominion all other kingdoms and isles that at any time resisted them;
12But with their friends and such as relied upon them they kept amity: and that they had conquered kingdoms both far and nigh, insomuch as all that heard of their name were afraid of them:
13Also that, whom they would help to a kingdom, those reign; and whom again they would, they displace: finally, that they were greatly exalted:
14Yet for all this none of them wore a crown or was clothed in purple, to be magnified thereby:
15Moreover how they had made for themselves a senate house, wherein three hundred and twenty men sat in council daily, consulting alway for the people, to the end they might be well ordered:
16And that they committed their government to one man every year, who ruled over all their country, and that all were obedient to that one, and that there was neither envy nor emmulation among them.
17In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus the son of John, the son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent them to Rome, to make a league of amity and confederacy with them,
18And to intreat them that they would take the yoke from them; for they saw that the kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel with servitude.
19They went therefore to Rome, which was a very great journey, and came into the senate, where they spake and said.
20Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and the people of the Jews, have sent us unto you, to make a confederacy and peace with you, and that we might be registered your confederates and friends.
21So that matter pleased the Romans well.
22And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote back again in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that there they might have by them a memorial of peace and confederacy:
23Good success be to the Romans, and to the people of the Jews, by sea and by land for ever: the sword also and enemy be far from them,
24If there come first any war upon the Romans or any of their confederates throughout all their dominion,
25The people of the Jews shall help them, as the time shall be appointed, with all their heart:
26Neither shall they give any thing unto them that make war upon them, or aid them with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as it hath seemed good unto the Romans; but they shall keep their covenants without taking any thing therefore.
27In the same manner also, if war come first upon the nation of the Jews, the Romans shall help them with all their heart, according as the time shall be appointed them:
28Neither shall victuals be given to them that take part against them, or weapons, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to the Romans; but they shall keep their covenants, and that without deceit.
29According to these articles did the Romans make a covenant with the people of the Jews.
30Howbeit if hereafter the one party or the other shall think to meet to add or diminish any thing, they may do it at their pleasures, and whatsoever they shall add or take away shall be ratified.
31And as touching the evils that Demetrius doeth to the Jews, we have written unto him, saying, Wherefore thou made thy yoke heavy upon our friends and confederates the Jews?
32If therefore they complain any more against thee, we will do them justice, and fight with thee by sea and by land.
91Furthermore, when Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his host were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of Judea the second time, and with them the chief strength of his host:
2Who went forth by the way that leadeth to Galgala, and pitched their tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they had won it, they slew much people.
3Also the first month of the hundred fifty and second year they encamped before Jerusalem:
4From whence they removed, and went to Berea, with twenty thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.
5Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, and three thousand chosen men with him:
6Who seeing the multitude of the other army to be so great were sore afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the host, insomuch as abode of them no more but eight hundred men.
7When Judas therefore saw that his host slipt away, and that the battle pressed upon him, he was sore troubled in mind, and much distressed, for that he had no time to gather them together.
8Nevertheless unto them that remained he said, Let us arise and go up against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able to fight with them.
9But they dehorted him, saying, We shall never be able: let us now rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our brethren, and fight against them: for we are but few.
10Then Judas said, God forbid that I should do this thing, and flee away from them: if our time be come, let us die manfully for our brethren, and let us not stain our honour.
11With that the host of Bacchides removed out of their tents, and stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into two troops, and their slingers and archers going before the host and they that marched in the foreward were all mighty men.
12As for Bacchides, he was in the right wing: so the host drew near on the two parts, and sounded their trumpets.
13They also of Judas’ side, even they sounded their trumpets also, so that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and the battle continued from morning till night.
14Now when Judas perceived that Bacchides and the strength of his army were on the right side, he took with him all the hardy men,
15Who discomfited the right wing, and pursued them unto the mount Azotus.
16But when they of the left wing saw that they of the right wing were discomfited, they followed upon Judas and those that were with him hard at the heels from behind:
17Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch as many were slain on both parts.
18Judas also was killed, and the remnant fled.
19Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and buried him in the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.
20Moreover they bewailed him, and all Israel made great lamentation for him, and mourned many days, saying,
21How is the valiant man fallen, that delivered Israel!
22As for the other things concerning Judas and his wars, and the noble acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not written: for they were very many.
23Now after the death of Judas the wicked began to put forth their heads in all the coasts of Israel, and there arose up all such as wrought iniquity.
24In those days also was there a very great famine, by reason whereof the country revolted, and went with them.
25Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of the country.
26And they made enquiry and search for Judas’ friends, and brought them unto Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and used them despitefully.
27So was there a great affliction in Israel, the like whereof was not since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.
28For this cause all Judas’ friends came together, and said unto Jonathan,
29Since thy brother Judas died, we have no man like him to go forth against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against them of our nation that are adversaries to us.
30Now therefore we have chosen thee this day to be our prince and captain in his stead, that thou mayest fight our battles.
31Upon this Jonathan took the governance upon him at that time, and rose up instead of his brother Judas.
32But when Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, he sought for to slay him
33Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother, and all that were with him, perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and pitched their tents by the water of the pool Asphar.
34Which when Bacchides understood, he came near to Jordan with all his host upon the sabbath day.
35Now Jonathan had sent his brother John, a captain of the people, to pray his friends the Nabathites, that they might leave with them their carriage, which was much.
36But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John, and all that he had, and went their way with it.
37After this came word to Jonathan and Simon his brother, that the children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the bride from Nadabatha with a great train, as being the daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan.
38Therefore they remembered John their brother, and went up, and hid themselves under the covert of the mountain:
39Where they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and, behold, there was much ado and great carriage: and the bridegroom came forth, and his friends and brethren, to meet them with drums, and instruments of musick, and many weapons.
40Then Jonathan and they that were with him rose up against them from the place where they lay in ambush, and made a slaughter of them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and the remnant fled into the mountain, and they took all their spoils.
41Thus was the marriage turned into mourning, and the noise of their melody into lamentation.
42So when they had avenged fully the blood of their brother, they turned again to the marsh of Jordan.
43Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the sabbath day unto the banks of Jordan with a great power.
44Then Jonathan said to his company, Let us go up now and fight for our lives, for it standeth not with us to day, as in time past:
45For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the water of Jordan on this side and that side, the marsh likewise and wood, neither is there place for us to turn aside.
46Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven, that ye may be delivered from the hand of your enemies.
47With that they joined battle, and Jonathan stretched forth his hand to smite Bacchides, but he turned back from him.
48Then Jonathan and they that were with him leapt into Jordan, and swam over unto the other bank: howbeit the other passed not over Jordan unto them.
49So there were slain of Bacchides’ side that day about a thousand men.
50Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerusalem and repaired the strong cites in Judea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and Bethhoron, and Beth-el, and Thamnatha, Pharathoni, and Taphon, these did he strengthen with high walls, with gates and with bars.
51And in them he set a garrison, that they might work malice upon Israel.
52He fortified also the city Bethsura, and Gazera, and the tower, and put forces in them, and provision of victuals.
53Besides, he took the chief men’s sons in the country for hostages, and put them into the tower at Jerusalem to be kept.
54Moreover in the hundred fifty and third year, in the second month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the sanctuary should be pulled down; he pulled down also the works of the prophets
55And as he began to pull down, even at that time was Alcimus plagued, and his enterprizes hindered: for his mouth was stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no more speak any thing, nor give order concerning his house.
56So Alcimus died at that time with great torment.
57Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he returned to the king: whereupon the land of Judea was in rest two years.
58Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying, Behold, Jonathan and his company are at ease, and dwell without care: now therefore we will bring Bacchides hither, who shall take them all in one night.
59So they went and consulted with him.
60Then removed he, and came with a great host, and sent letters privily to his adherents in Judea, that they should take Jonathan and those that were with him: howbeit they could not, because their counsel was known unto them.
61Wherefore they took of the men of the country, that were authors of that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.
62Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and they that were with him, got them away to Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and they repaired the decays thereof, and made it strong.
63Which thing when Bacchides knew, he gathered together all his host, and sent word to them that were of Judea.
64Then went he and laid siege against Bethbasi; and they fought against it a long season and made engines of war.
65But Jonathan left his brother Simon in the city, and went forth himself into the country, and with a certain number went he forth.
66And he smote Odonarkes and his brethren, and the children of Phasiron in their tent.
67And when he began to smite them, and came up with his forces, Simon and his company went out of the city, and burned up the engines of war,
68And fought against Bacchides, who was discomfited by them, and they afflicted him sore: for his counsel and travail was in vain.
69Wherefore he was very wroth at the wicked men that gave him counsel to come into the country, inasmuch as he slew many of them, and purposed to return into his own country.
70Whereof when Jonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors unto him, to the end he should make peace with him, and deliver them the prisoners.
71Which thing he accepted, and did according to his demands, and sware unto him that he would never do him harm all the days of his life.
72When therefore he had restored unto him the prisoners that he had taken aforetime out of the land of Judea, he returned and went his way into his own land, neither came he any more into their borders.
73Thus the sword ceased from Israel: but Jonathan dwelt at Machmas, and began to govern the people; and he destroyed the ungodly men out of Israel.
101In the hundred and sixtieth year Alexander, the son of Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, went up and took Ptolemais: for the people had received him, by means whereof he reigned there,
2Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered together an exceeding great host, and went forth against him to fight.
3Moreover Demetrius sent letters unto Jonathan with loving words, so as he magnified him.
4For said he, Let us first make peace with him, before he join with Alexander against us:
5Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against him, and against his brethren and his people.
6Wherefore he gave him authority to gather together an host, and to provide weapons, that he might aid him in battle: he commanded also that the hostages that were in the tower should be delivered him.
7Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the audience of all the people, and of them that were in the tower:
8Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had given him authority to gather together an host.
9Whereupon they of the tower delivered their hostages unto Jonathan, and he delivered them unto their parents.
10This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jerusalem, and began to build and repair the city.
11And he commanded the workmen to build the walls and the mount Sion and about with square stones for fortification; and they did so.
12Then the strangers, that were in the fortresses which Bacchides had built, fled away;
13Insomuch as every man left his place, and went into his own country.
14Only at Bethsura certain of those that had forsaken the law and the commandments remained still: for it was their place of refuge.
15Now when king Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius had sent unto Jonathan: when also it was told him of the battles and noble acts which he and his brethren had done, and of the pains that they had endured,
16He said, Shall we find such another man? now therefore we will make him our friend and confederate.
17Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent it unto him, according to these words, saying,
18King Alexander to his brother Jonathan sendeth greeting:
19We have heard of thee, that thou art a man of great power, and meet to be our friend.
20Wherefore now this day we ordain thee to be the high priest of thy nation, and to be called the king’s friend; (and therewithal he sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold:) and require thee to take our part, and keep friendship with us.
21So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, at the feast of the tabernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and gathered together forces, and provided much armour.
22Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was very sorry, and said,
23What have we done, that Alexander hath prevented us in making amity with the Jews to strengthen himself?
24I also will write unto them words of encouragement, and promise them dignities and gifts, that I may have their aid.
25He sent unto them therefore to this effect: King Demetrius unto the people of the Jews sendeth greeting:
26Whereas ye have kept covenants with us, and continued in our friendship, not joining yourselves with our enemies, we have heard hereof, and are glad.
27Wherefore now continue ye still to be faithful unto us, and we will well recompense you for the things ye do in our behalf,
28And will grant you many immunities, and give you rewards.
29And now do I free you, and for your sake I release all the Jews, from tributes, and from the customs of salt, and from crown taxes,
30And from that which appertaineth unto me to receive for the third part or the seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees, I release it from this day forth, so that they shall not be taken of the land of Judea, nor of the three governments which are added thereunto out of the country of Samaria and Galilee, from this day forth for evermore.
31Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, with the borders thereof, both from tenths and tributes.
32And as for the tower which is at Jerusalem, I yield up authority over it, and give the high priest, that he may set in it such men as he shall choose to keep it.
33Moreover I freely set at liberty every one of the Jews, that were carried captives out of the land of Judea into any part of my kingdom, and I will that all my officers remit the tributes even of their cattle.
34Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and sabbaths, and new moons, and solemn days, and the three days before the feast, and the three days after the feast shall be all of immunity and freedom for all the Jews in my realm.
35Also no man shall have authority to meddle with or to molest any of them in any matter.
36I will further, that there be enrolled among the king’s forces about thirty thousand men of the Jews, unto whom pay shall be given, as belongeth to all king’s forces.
37And of them some shall be placed in the king’s strong holds, of whom also some shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom, which are of trust: and I will that their overseers and governors be of themselves, and that they live after their own laws, even as the king hath commanded in the land of Judea.
38And concerning the three governments that are added to Judea from the country of Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that they may be reckoned to be under one, nor bound to obey other authority than the high priest’s.
39As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I give it as a free gift to the sanctuary at Jerusalem for the necessary expences of the sanctuary.
40Moreover I give every year fifteen thousand shekels of silver out of the king’s accounts from the places appertaining.
41And all the overplus, which the officers payed not in as in former time, from henceforth shall be given toward the works of the temple.
42And beside this, the five thousand shekels of silver, which they took from the uses of the temple out of the accounts year by year, even those things shall be released, because they appertain to the priests that minister.
43And whosoever they be that flee unto the temple at Jerusalem, or be within the liberties hereof, being indebted unto the king, or for any other matter, let them be at liberty, and all that they have in my realm.
44For the building also and repairing of the works of the sanctuary expences shall be given of the king’s accounts.
45Yea, and for the building of the walls of Jerusalem, and the fortifying thereof round about, expences shall be given out of the king’s accounts, as also for the building of the walls in Judea.
46Now when Jonathan and the people heard these words, they gave no credit unto them, nor received them, because they remembered the great evil that he had done in Israel; for he had afflicted them very sore.
47But with Alexander they were well pleased, because he was the first that entreated of true peace with them, and they were confederate with him always.
48Then gathered king Alexander great forces, and camped over against Demetrius.
49And after the two kings had joined battle, Demetrius’ host fled: but Alexander followed after him, and prevailed against them.
50And he continued the battle very sore until the sun went down: and that day was Demetrius slain.
51Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemee king of Egypt with a message to this effect:
52Forasmuch as I am come again to my realm, and am set in the throne of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, and overthrown Demetrius, and recovered our country;
53For after I had joined battle with him, both he and his host was discomfited by us, so that we sit in the throne of his kingdom:
54Now therefore let us make a league of amity together, and give me now thy daughter to wife: and I will be thy son in law, and will give both thee and her as according to thy dignity.
55Then Ptolemee the king gave answer, saying, Happy be the day wherein thou didst return into the land of thy fathers, and satest in the throne of their kingdom.
56And now will I do to thee, as thou hast written: meet me therefore at Ptolemais, that we may see one another; for I will marry my daughter to thee according to thy desire.
57So Ptolemee went out of Egypt with his daughter Cleopatra, and they came unto Ptolemais in the hundred threescore and second year:
58Where king Alexander meeting him, he gave unto him his daughter Cleopatra, and celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais with great glory, as the manner of kings is.
59Now king Alexander had written unto Jonathan, that he should come and meet him.
60Who thereupon went honourably to Ptolemais, where he met the two kings, and gave them and their friends silver and gold, and many presents, and found favour in their sight.
61At that time certain pestilent fellows of Israel, men of a wicked life, assembled themselves against him, to accuse him: but the king would not hear them.
62Yea more than that, the king commanded to take off his garments, and clothe him in purple: and they did so.
63And he made him sit by himself, and said unto his princes, Go with him into the midst of the city, and make proclamation, that no man complain against him of any matter, and that no man trouble him for any manner of cause.
64Now when his accusers saw that he was honored according to the proclamation, and clothed in purple, they fled all away.
65So the king honoured him, and wrote him among his chief friends, and made him a duke, and partaker of his dominion.
66Afterward Jonathan returned to Jerusalem with peace and gladness.
67Furthermore in the hundred threescore and fifth year came Demetrius son of Demetrius out of Crete into the land of his fathers:
68Whereof when king Alexander heard tell, he was right sorry, and returned into Antioch.
69Then Demetrius made Apollonius the governor of Celosyria his general, who gathered together a great host, and camped in Jamnia, and sent unto Jonathan the high priest, saying,
70Thou alone liftest up thyself against us, and I am laughed to scorn for thy sake, and reproached: and why dost thou vaunt thy power against us in the mountains?
71Now therefore, if thou trustest in thine own strength, come down to us into the plain field, and there let us try the matter together: for with me is the power of the cities.
72Ask and learn who I am, and the rest that take our part, and they shall tell thee that thy foot is not able to stand before our face; for thy fathers have been twice put to flight in their own land.
73Wherefore now thou shalt not be able to abide the horsemen and so great a power in the plain, where is neither stone nor flint, nor place to flee unto.
74So when Jonathan heard these words of Apollonius, he was moved in his mind, and choosing ten thousand men he went out of Jerusalem, where Simon his brother met him for to help him.
75And he pitched his tents against Joppa: but; they of Joppa shut him out of the city, because Apollonius had a garrison there.
76Then Jonathan laid siege unto it: whereupon they of the city let him in for fear: and so Jonathan won Joppa.
77Whereof when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand horsemen, with a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus as one that journeyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the plain. because he had a great number of horsemen, in whom he put his trust.
78Then Jonathan followed after him to Azotus, where the armies joined battle.
79Now Apollonius had left a thousand horsemen in ambush.
80And Jonathan knew that there was an ambushment behind him; for they had compassed in his host, and cast darts at the people, from morning till evening.
81But the people stood still, as Jonathan had commanded them: and so the enemies’ horses were tired.
82Then brought Simon forth his host, and set them against the footmen, (for the horsemen were spent) who were discomfited by him, and fled.
83The horsemen also, being scattered in the field, fled to Azotus, and went into Bethdagon, their idol’s temple, for safety.
84But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round about it, and took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them that were fled into it, he burned with fire.
85Thus there were burned and slain with the sword well nigh eight thousand men.
86And from thence Jonathan removed his host, and camped against Ascalon, where the men of the city came forth, and met him with great pomp.
87After this returned Jonathan and his host unto Jerusalem, having any spoils.
88Now when king Alexander heard these things, he honoured Jonathan yet more.
89And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use is to be given to such as are of the king’s blood: he gave him also Accaron with the borders thereof in possession.